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Flashcards in Femur Deck (11):
1

What is the main role of the Femur?

Transmit forces from the Tibia to the hip

2

What are the 2 groups of fractures to the head of Femur?

Subcapital
Trochanteric

3

Which group of people are most at risk of Subcapital fractures to the Femur?

Elderly women when they trip or stumble

4

What happens to the head of Femur in Subcapital fractures?

Pulled upwards and rotated laterally
Can have avascular necrosis

5

How can a Subcapital fracture of the Femur present itself?

The leg is shorter and the toes point laterally

6

What group of people are most at risk of Trochanteric fractures to the Femur?

Young and middle aged people

7

What is different about a Trochanteric fracture to the head of Femur?

It occurs extracapsularly, no avascular necrosis.

8

How would a Trochanteric fracture to the head of Femur present itself?

The leg would be shorter and laterally rotated.

9

Where can fractures to the shaft of the Femur occur?

Upper third
Middle third
Lower third

10

What would a fracture to the middle third of the shaft of the Femur look like?

There is limb shortening as the distal fragment is pulled upwards

11

What is a risk with a fracture to the lower third of the shaft of Femur?

The fragment is rotated inferiorly which could interfere with the Popliteal artery and risk disrupting blood supply to the leg and foot.