Flashcards in Walking and Gait Deck (14)
What are the 5 stages to walking?
What happens in heel strike?
Flexion decelerated by Gluteus Maximus
Knee extension maintained by quadriceps
Dorsiflexion maintained by musclesin anterior leg
What happens in support?
Maintained knee extension by Quadriceps
Equal contraction of inverters/everters to maintain ankle balance
Pelvic drop prevented by Gluteus Medius/minimus
What happens in toe off?
Leg extension at the hip due to hamstrings
Knee maintained in extension by quadriceps
Ankle is plantarflexed by muscles in posterior compartment of leg
What happens in leg lift?
Limb raised to prepare for swing
Flexion at the hip by iliopsoas and rectus femoris
Knee flexion by hamstrings
Dorsiflexion of the ankle by muscles in the anterior compartment of leg
What happens in swing?
Forward motion occurs
Hip kept flexed by Iliopsoas and Rectus femoris
Knee extended by quadriceps
Ankle remains dorsiflexed by muscles in anterior compartment of leg
What does Trendelenberg's sign look like?
Pelvic drop towards the raised leg on the unaffected side
What is Trendelenberg's gait?
The pelvic drop during walking with the torso lurching the opposite way on other side to maintain balance
Which nerve would be damaged if there was pelvic drop?
Superior gluteal nerve
Which muscles are not working correctly if there is pelvic drop?
Why would you get a foot drop gait?
Damage to the Deep Fibular nerve
How does foot drop gait look?
The patients toes are dragging along the floor. They may do an eversion flick to stop this
What is an eversion flick?
Sudden eversion of the foot during swing phase in foot drop gait