Veins of the leg Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Veins of the leg Deck (10):
1

What are the 2 groups of veins in the lower limb?

Deep
Superficial

2

What 3 deep veins merge to form the Popliteal vein?

Anterior tibial
Posterior tibial
Fibular

3

What are the 2 superficial veins?

Great saphenous
Small saphenous

4

Which side of the leg does the great saphenous vein travel on?

Medial then drains into the femoral vein

5

What side does the small saphenous vein travel on?

Lateral then drains into the popliteal vein.

6

What causes Varicose veins?

Backflow valves become incompetant and superifcial veins become dilated.

7

What can occur with chronic Varicose veins?

Pressure in venous system rises and can cause damage to cells. Blood may extrude into the skin. Ulcers can occur and pigmentation

8

How can you treat Varicose veins?

Surgical movement of Saphenous system
Reconstruction of valves
Tying off effected valves

9

What is Deep vein thrombosis?

Formation of a blood clot in the deep veins of the lower limb

10

What is the main complication of DVTs?

Pulmonary occlusion which leads to cardiopulmonary arrest