Flashcards in Articles Deck (14)
Lyon & Frohard-Dourlant: What is the paper trying to explain?
- Why Canadian same-sex couples choose not to get married
- How Canadian same-sex couples view marriage
Lyon & Frohard-Dourlant: What groups are being compared or being studied?
22 same-sex couples in Toronto
Lyon & Frohard-Dourlant: What were the key findings?
- Marriage is framed as an ultimate form of commitment
- Couples chose not to marry either due to personal preference or due to marriage equality debates
- Couples had contradictory feelings towards marriage
- People talked more emotionally about getting married, but talked more politically about not getting married
Marriage is viewed as a form of commitment (Lyon & Frohard-Dourlant findings)
- Married couples seen as more legitimate than common-law
- Felt like marriage would increase social support and acceptance
- Serious lifelong commitment
- Implies monogamy and children
Why couples chose not to marry (Lyon & Frohard-Dourlant findings)
- individual differences: Some feel like marriage isn't a big deal -> feel indifferent
- Some are ideologically opposed to marriage and its heterosexist underpinnings
Breton: What is the paper trying to explain?
- interpersonal relationships of immigrants and whether they take place in different directions (ie. Spread out over multiple communities)
- To what extent does the ethnic community determine direction of interpersonal integration?
Breton: What groups are being compared or being studied?
230 male immigrants in Montreal
Breton: What were the key findings?
- Stronger ties to ethnic community than native community, but these ties weaken and strengthen respectively over time
- Ethnic communities with high institutional completeness have much greater proportion of people strongly tied to ethnic group (majority of relations are with people in ethnic group)
- Religious associations have greatest effect in keeping immigrant's personal associations within the boundaries of the ethnic community, then publications (welfare organizations have least effect)
- Differences exist in the development of ethnic institutions between people who immigrated individually and those who were part of a larger wave of immigrations
What is institutional completeness? (Breton findings)
- containing various organizations (religious, educational, political, recreational, etc.) for its community members to use
- high institutional completeness = when ethnic community can perform all services its members need (ie. members don't need to use any native institutions)
Social organizations that influence interpersonal relationships (Breton findings)
- Community of his ethnicity
- The native/receiving community
- Other ethnic communities
Li: What is the paper trying to explain?
The current approaches toward immigrant integration
Li: What were the key findings?
- Current integration standards not very inclusive – often measures how much immigrants conform to Canadian norms
- Immigrants' tendencies to maintain differences (ie. Language, ethnic neighbourhoods) are perceived as negative and opposing integration
Li: What is being compared/studied?
The discourse of integration in Canada