Canadian Society Flashcards Preview

Sociology 210 > Canadian Society > Flashcards

Flashcards in Canadian Society Deck (11)
Loading flashcards...


Geography shapes population, which shapes material culture (technology), which shapes culture, economy, and governance



- Focuses not on individuals but on the entire society as a whole
- Helps us to see society at a general level
- Pays attention to the structural features that provide framework of how everyday lives are shaped
- A study of social phenomenon in terms of societal wide aggregate measures


aggregate measures

- Population dynamics (distrubution, composition, immigration, etc.)
- Levels of inequality (income distribution, earning between groups, etc.)
- Social institutions (economy – unemployment rate; family – divorce rate)
- Relationships with other countries (foreign ownership, cultural penetration, etc.)


what should you think about when you see a map of Canada?

the resources each place offers


3 levels of Canadian government

- federal (ex. responsible for census)
- provincial (ex. responsible for healthcare)
- municipal (ex. responsible for public transportation)


Canada's distinct features

- Large surface and relative small population (H)
- Uneven distribution of the population (H)
- Group dynamics which involve immigrants and the indigenous population -> We share this characteristic with other nations (ex. Australia)
- A country with two official languages
- A young nation
- Central Canadian dominance (H)
- Low identity (H)
- Unique values (H)


consequences of our distinct features

- Need people and capital
- Population and culture in flux (external influence)
- Identity issues – national hood?


large land surface and relatively small population

- very few countries have such large land size yet such small population (low population density) -> makes Canada unique
- similar population density as Australia
- low population density = shortage of labour


uneven distribution of population

- "regionalization" -> certain regions are better-equipped than others (Ex. Some places in BC with low population have low-quality drinking water)
- many people live in larger cities (ex. "Golden triangle") with less living in the North
- similar to the distribution of Australia's population -> both populations clustered in the South where temperatures are less extreme, with the North largely uninhabited
- political and economic power concentrated in regions with more people


Central Canadian dominance

- growth has continued to happen in places of old industrial importance (ie. southern Ontario)
- Although the population has slowly redistributed to the West as well, there is no indication of a shift of power from Central Canada to the West
- This can be kind of compared to the US, however the population redistributed so much there that there has been a shift of power


Low identity (and unique values)

- Canadians can't really say how they're different than Americans
- historically, Canadian frontiers represented empire controls rather than revolution and independence, which created a different foundation for Canadian vs. American society -> this counter-revolutionary tradition of Canada makes it more traditional, conservative, and collectivity-oriented
- more elitist because it's still connected to the Crown (ascribed status and more hardened class structure)