Flashcards in ASBHDS - Session 3 Deck (15):
What are stereotypes?
Generalisations we make about specific social groups
Give some functions of stereotypes.
Saves processing power, environment is more predicable, allows anticipation, avoids information overload
What are "schemata"?
Groups of related information, eg. Restaurant schema or fruit schema - stereotypes are social schemata
What is the name given to the behavioural component following stereotyping then prejudice?
When are people more likely to rely on stereotypes?
When under time pressure, fatigued or suffering information overload.
Why is diversity important to healthcare delivery?
Increasing diversity of populations, huge disparities in care accessed, differential outcomes
Give some examples of problems that may arise relating to diversity in healthcare.
Lack of familiarity with concepts, self-protection/denial, fear of the unknown, feeling of pressure due to time constraints
What three terms are included within "sexual attraction"?
Feelings, behaviour and identity
What is the difference between LGBT behaviour and identity?
Identity - terms such as gay, lesbian and bisexual.
Behaviour - terms such as MSM and WSW
What is the gender binary model?
The idea that there are two separate categories - male and female, clearly distinguished by anatomy.
Define gender identity.
Someone's internal perception and experience of their gender.
Define gender role/expression.
The way the person lives in society and interacts with others.
Give some examples of how discrimination leads to poorer health.
Increased stress, low self esteem, isolation, increased conflict, sub-culture, discriminatory healthcare
Give some ways to provide good care for LGBT people.
Validate patient's identity, do not pathologise/moralise, maintain confidentiality, respect patients' identities, don't rely on patient for information, distinguish between patients' problems and their identity.