Flashcards in Assessment Deck (15)
During the inquiry phase of the Rorschach, the administrator does what?
During the inquiry phase, the examiner questions the examinee about the features of the inkblot that determined his or her responses in order to facilitate scoring
Most scoring and interpretation systems for the TAT rely on Murray's concepts of ?
needs (internal determinants of behavior), press (environmental determinants of behavior), and thema (interactions between needs and press).
The view of intelligence as a general mental ability was the basis of the construction of the?.
Who viewed the abilities that compose intelligence as interrelated.?
Who identified these three abilities: analytic, creative, and practical abilities as the components of "successful intelligence."
- Wechsler: The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) consists of subtests that reflect Wechsler's view of intelligence as a global capacity consisting of several interrelated functions.
Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale
With regard to scoring the Rorschach, the following variables, "D Score, Adj D Score, EA, EB, m, SumY, SumT, SumV, Blend Complexity, Col-Shd & Shd Bl ( m&Y ), Pure C, M, M-, and M no form" make up the interpretive cluster labeled as?
A lot of whole responses indicate? Color? White space?
situation related stress
A lot of Whole (W)= organized thinking
Color = emotion and impulsivity
White space opposition and confabulation intellectual difficulties.
Scales 1, 2, and 3 on the MMPI are? and the conversion V pattern indicates?
This pattern is referred to as the paranoid valley or psychotic V.
This pattern is referred to as the passive-aggressive V.
This pattern is referred to as the defensive profile and suggests an attempt to present oneself in a favorable light.
Scales 1 Hypochondriasis (Hs), 2 Depression (D), and 3 Hysteria (Hy) are the hypochondriasis, depression, and hysteria scales, respectively. The conversion V pattern (Scale 2 score lower than scores on Scales 1 and 3) is characteristic of individuals with conversion disorder or other somatoform disorder and has also been found among patients whose chronic pain has an organic etiology.
the Scale 7 Psychasthenia (Pt) score is significantly lower than scores on Scales 6 Paranoia (Pa) and 8 Hypomania (Ma) = Paranoid Valley or psychotic
The Scale 5 Masculinity-Femininity (Mf) score is significantly lower than scores on Scales 4 Psychopathic Deviate (Pd) and 6 Paranoia (Pa).
the F Scale (Frequency) score is significantly lower than scores on the L (Lie) and K (Correction) Scales.
What do the L, F K, VRIN and TRIN interpret as?
L (Lie)= high scores - presenting self in a favorable way, lack of insight, reduced ability to benefit from therapy
F (frequency) High scores- respond in a deviant, atypical way, an attempt to fake bad; Low Scores- fake good, denial, social conformity --score 100 or high invalid score
K (correction): High-defensive, or denial "fake good" answering false to all items, poor prognosis. Low: excessive frankness, self criticism
VRIN: Variable Response Consistency _ T-score of 80 or above= invalid profile
TRIN-True Response Inconsistency- same and above
12: (Hs) (D): worry, pessimism
23: (D) (Hy) apathy, immaturity
26 (D) (Pa) extreme sensitivity to criticism
29 (D) (Ma)
34 (Hy) (pd) passive-aggressive
46 (Pd) (Pa) hostile, manipulative
49 (Pd) (Ma) Impulsive, narcissistic
78: (Pt) (Sc) emotional turmoil, poor social adjustment
90: (Ma) (Si) egocentric, grandiosity
1 Hypochondriasis (Hs)
2 Depression (D)
3 Hysteria (Hy)
4 Psychopathic Deviate (Pd)
5 Masculinity-Feminity (Mf)
6 Paranoia (Pa)
7 Psychasthenia (Pt)
8 Schizophrenia (Sc)
9 Hypomania (Ma)
0 Social Introversion (Si)
Low F and high K and L on the MMPI indicate
A low score on the F (infrequency) scale indicates an absence of psychopathology, social conformity, or an attempt to "fake good"; a high score on the L (lie) scale suggests an attempt to "fake good," conformity, or denial; and a high score on the K (correction) scale suggests an attempt to "fake good," denial, or a lack of insight.
On the MMPI-2, higher-than-normal L and K scale scores with a lower-than-normal F scale score has been linked to
compared the MMPI-2 profiles of mothers undergoing a custody evaluation as part of a divorce proceeding and found that both had a defensive pattern on the L, K, and F scales but that those mothers who also exhibited behaviors associated with parental alientation syndrome had even more extreme scores on these scales, with L and K being higher-than-normal and F being lower
orse than chance responding on a forced-choice recognition memory test is used to support a diagnosis of:
Forced-choice recognition tests include the Portland Digit Recognition Test, Word Memory Test, and the Hisock and Hisock procedure.
Answer B is correct: The assumption underlying the use of this method to detect Malingering is that if an examinee responds at a level worse than chance, this suggests that he/she has deliberately chosen incorrect answers.
Five main types of IQ tests are?
Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC)
The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC) The WISC is designed for children ages 6 to 16. The WISC uses 16 sub-tests, including Visual Digit Span (VDS), Coding Recall (CDR) and Information Multiple Choice (INMC), to measure ability in five key areas. Those areas are verbal comprehension, perceptual reasoning, processing speed, memory and executive function, which is theorized to control the function of other abilities.
The Stanford-Binet IQ test is designed for people ages 2 to 23 to determine cognitive and IQ abilities. Performance in four areas, including short-term memory skills, quantitative reasoning, abstract and visual reasoning and verbal reasoning, determines the test-taker's score. The Stanford-Binet uses 15 sub-tests to determine abilities in the four areas, including vocabulary, number series, memory for sentences, equation building and pattern analysis.
Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale---Third Edition (WAIS--III)
Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale---Third Edition (WAIS--III) is intended for adults between the ages of 18 and 80. The WAIS-III is used to determine intelligence, but it can also assist with evaluating personality and may be used following a brain injury to assess the level of damage. The test measures verbal, performance, symbol search, letter-number sequencing and matrix-reasoning capabilities by testing 14 skills, including arithmetic, picture arrangement and comprehension.
KABC-II: Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children, Second Edition
The KABC-II: Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children, Second Edition is used for ages 3 to 18. KABC-II was designed in response to criticism that other IQ tests don't give an accurate measure of minorities' IQ due to unintended natural biases inherent in the tests. The KABC-II is designed to require minimal verbal responses, thus eliminating cultural barriers due to language insufficiency. The questions strive to be culturally neutral to make it accessible to a wide range of children from different backgrounds. Conceptual thinking, face recognition, word order and hand movements are some of the areas tested.
Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence---Third Edition (WPPSI--III)
The Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence---Third Edition (WPPSI--III) has two versions. One is used for children ages 2 years, 6 months to 3 years, 11 months, and the other is for children ages 4 to 7 years, 3 months. The WPPSI-III measures verbal, performance and processing speed abilities through sub-tests like symbol search, picture naming and non-fluid reasoning.
Catell horn: n. a theory which proposes that general intelligence can be divided into two broad sets of abilities, namely: (1) G-f, or fluid ability which is the physiological efficiency with which a person deals with novel tasks, solves problems, and takes charge of short-term memories, and (2) G-c, or crystallized ability which is the learned and acquired aspect of mental ability as seen in one's knowledge of language, vocabulary, and general information. Proposed by Raymond Cattell and John Horn in the 1960s.
CATTELL-HORN THEORY OF INTELLIGENCE: "The Cattell-Horn Theory of Intelligence sums up over a hundred different abilities into the fluid and the crystallized kind of ability."
Patients with traumatic brain injury are likely to obtain the lowest score on which of the following WAIS-IV Indexes?
The impact of brain injury on WAIS-IV scores is reported in the test's Technical and Interpretive Manual, which indicates that individuals in the standardization sample with traumatic brain injury scored highest on Verbal Comprehension followed by Perceptual Reasoning, Working Memory, and Processing Speed.
The correct answer is: Processing Speed
Examinees with Alzheimer's Dementia would most likely obtain the highest score on which of the following WAIS-IV Indexes?
The WAIS-IV Technical Manual reports the highest score for individuals with Alzheimer's Dementia for the Verbal Comprehension Index, followed by the Perceptual Reasoning, Working Memory, and Processing Speed Indexes.