ATI Ch 8 Alzheimers Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ATI Ch 8 Alzheimers Deck (14):
1

Alzheimer’s vs dementia

Alzheimer’s is a type of dementia

2

Age for presenile/early dementia

manifestations beginning in their 40's (over 65 is most common diagnosis)

3

Alzheimer’s medication

mostly treast behavioral and emotional problems

4

Donepezil (Aricept) function

prevents breakdown of ACh

5

Alzheimer's medication nursing considerations

Observe for frequent stools or upset stomach.
Monitor for dizziness, HA or unsteady gait.
Use caution in asthma or COPD.

6

Estrogen therapy

for women, may prevent Alzheimer’s disease, but it is not useful in decreasing the effects of pre-existing dementia.

7

Ginkgo biloba

causes many medication interactions and should be avoided

8

Alzheimer’s Stage 1

No impairment (Normal function) No memory problems

9

Alzheimer’s Stage 2

Very mild cognitive decline

10

Alzheimer’s Stage 3

Mild cognitive decline, Short-term memory loss noticeable to close relatives

11

Alzheimer’s Stage 4

Moderate cognitive decline, appearing withdrawn or subdued, especially in social or mentally challenging situations

12

Alzheimer’s Stage 5

Moderately severe cognitive decline, Assistance with ADLs becomes necessary, Disorientation and confusion as to time and place

13

Alzheimer’s Stage 6

Severe cognitive decline, Significant personality changes are evident

14

Alzheimer’s Stage 7

Very severe cognitive decline, Unrecognizable speech, General urinary incontinence, Inability to eat without assistance and impaired swallowing