Attention Flashcards Preview

Psychology > Attention > Flashcards

Flashcards in Attention Deck (25):
1

Automatic processes

Triggered involuntarily
Capture attention
Fast and efficient

2

Controlled processes

Guide attention voluntarily
Slow and effortful

3

Spotlight model

Physical spotlight focuses on only part of the environment at a time

4

Cocktail party effect

Multiple things fighting for your attention but you can still hear the person your talking to

5

Filter model

Shifts away distracting and only lets important info through

6

Salient information

Captures our attention automatically

7

Broadbents single filter model

Attentional filter selects important info on the basis of physical characteristics and allows that information to continue on for further processing

8

Triesmans dual filter model

Physical and semantic filter

9

Congruent stimuli

Colour and word match

10

Incongruent stimuli

Mismatching colour and word dimensions

11

Set size

Number of items to search through

12

Set size effect

Increase in difficulty as the set size increases

13

Single feature search

Only have to look for one particular feature to identify the target

14

Conjunction search

Identifying a target that is defined by two or more features

15

Pop out effect

When the object of a visual search is easily found regardless of set size

16

Breakthrough

Information with high semantic value can break through

17

Hemi spatial neglect

Paying attention to half of the world
Brain damage to right parietal lobe

18

Bottom up processing

Attention is captured by salient change in the environment

19

Top down processing

Strategically direct your attention to match your current goals and expectations from past experience through memory

20

Orienting

How attention moves across a scene

21

Overt attending

Attending to things you are looking at

22

Covert orienting

Attending to things without looking

23

Inhibition of return

If the time between the onset of the cue and the target is more than 300 milliseconds it will take you longer to detect the target at cues locations rather than uncued ones

24

Inattentional blindness

demonstrates that our limited attentional processes can be susceptibility to missing out on some very important and salient things

25

Attenuated

Turned down