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Flashcards in Language Deck (18):
1

Three components of language

Regular: governed by rules and grammar
Arbitrary: lack of resemblance between worlds and their meaning
Productive: almost limitless ways to put the word together

2

Whorf Sapir

Language influences our thoughts and perception of the world

3

Morphemes

Smallest unit of sound that contains meaning

4

Phoneme

Morpheme broken down into constituent sounds

5

Syntax

Grammar

6

Semantics

Meaning of each word

7

Babbling

Includes rhythm and inflection

8

Language Explosion

Vocabulary increases rapidly

9

Segmentation problem

Difficulty segmenting speech into word units

10

Universal phonemic sensitivity

Ability of infants to discriminate between phonemes of different languages

11

Social learning theory

Children learn through a combination of imitation and operant conditioning

Evidence against:
Overextensions: apply a rule too broadly
Under extensions: apply a rule too specifically

12

Innate mechanism theory

Humans have innate mechanisms that allow them to understand and use these universal grammar rules allowing language skills to develop rapidly

13

Dysphemistic swearing

Euphemism: avoid thinking about how awful it is
Dysphemism: want you to know how awful it is

14

Emphatic swearing

Swearing for emphasis

15

Perceptual narrowing

Process of losing the ability to distinguish between contrasts in sounds not used in native language

16

Infant directed speech

Exaggerate changes in pitch
Helps 6-7 month olds discriminate between different vowel sounds

17

Foreign accent syndrome

Damaged areas of the left hemisphere
When they talk they talk with a foreign accent

18

Transparent orthographies

Given letter will always make the same sound
More consistent letter to sound correspondence