Classical Conditioning Flashcards Preview

Psychology > Classical Conditioning > Flashcards

Flashcards in Classical Conditioning Deck (28):
1

Contingencies

Presentation of a stimulus reliably leads to the presentation of another stimulus

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US

Automatically triggers a response in the absence of learning

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UR

Specific response that a US triggers

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CS

Previously neutral stimuli that becomes associated with a US to trigger a response of its own

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CR

Response once contingency between US and CS is learned

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Acquisition

Process where a contingency between a CS and US is learned

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Extinction

Loss of the CR when the CS no longer predicts the US

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Spontaneous recovery

Sudden recovery of a conditioned response following a rest period of extinction

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Stimulus generalization

Stimuli similar to CS will also elicit a conditioned response

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Stimulus discrimination

Restricts the range of CS that can elicit a response

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CS+

predicts presence of US

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CS-

Predicts absence of US

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Implosive therapy

Person with phobia is encouraged to directly confront the CS that envokes anxiety

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Systematic desensitization

Uses a more gradual exposure to the feared stimulus

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Compensatory response

Process that counteracts and challenge to homeostasis

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Habituation

Decrease in behavioural responding to a repeated stimulus (clothes you wear)

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Sensitization

Increase in behaviour responding to repeating stimulus (ex horror movies )

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Associative learning

How two or more pieces of info are related

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Non associative learning

relatively permanent change in the strength of response to a single stimulus due to repeated exposure to the stimulus

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Test trials

present the CS by itself to see if conditioning has taken place

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Contiguity

extent to which two stimuli occur together in time and space

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Inhibitory conditioning

learning that certain cues indicate the absence of biologically important event

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Renewal

when a response is extinguished in a certain environment the CR can be observed if put back into the environment where acquisition originally took place

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Excitatory conditioning

CS signals the presence of the US

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Reacquisition

if extinction erases the contingency then reacquisition should take the same amount of time as acquisition

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Higher order conditioning

The established CS is paired with a new stimulus

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Temporal arrangement

how the stimuli are related in terms of time

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Short delay conditioning

CS occurs first, followed by the US with a very short time in between