Memory Flashcards Preview

Psychology > Memory > Flashcards

Flashcards in Memory Deck (29):
1

Recall

Asked to repeat and try to write down as much as they can remember

2

Recognition

Being able to recognize if they had seen the word before

3

Multi-store model

Incoming info is stored in short term memory and important info can be transferred to long term

4

Encoding

Subject learns a list of words

5

Retrieval

Subjects are tested for their memory of items in encoding phase

6

Capacity

Humans can remember 7 plus or minus two items

7

Rehearsal

Easier to remember something if actively rehearsing it

8

Chunking

Can group information together to make it easier to remember

9

Primacy effect

Memory is good for items encoded early in the list

10

Recency effect

Recall for items said last are good

11

Shallow level of processing

Requires little effort
Often directed at physical characteristics
Poor memory performance

12

Deep level of processing

Requires more effort
Often directed at semantic characteristics
Better memory performance

13

Encoding specificity

Memory encodes all aspects of an experience

14

Fluency

The ease with which an experience is processed

15

Attribution

Judgement that ties together cause with effect

16

Lost in mall experiment

Loftus made up a fake experience to see if people remembered it, after being exposed to it a couple times, people thought it actually happened, even bizarre things

17

Becoming famous overnight

Wanted to see if prior exposure to name would affect the fame rating

18

Encoding

Info is converted for storage

19

Storage

Info is retained in memory

20

Retrieval

Info is recovered from memory when needed

21

Phonological loop

maintains information that can be rehearsed verbally
Encapsulates original notion of short term memory

22

Visuospatial sketch pad

temporarily represent and manipulate visual information

23

Episodic buffer

Remembering specific past epidsones

24

Central executive

Coordinates and manipulates information that is temporarily maintained in the buffers

25

Working memory

Upgrade of short term memory that contains three buffers

26

Declarative memories

Memory for factual information

27

Non declarative memories

Learned actions and procedures
Skills
Conditioned responses

28

Transfer appropriate processing

Memory is aided when similar processes are engaged at encoding and retreival
Better processing for words that rhyme

29

Retroactive

If new information interferes with the retrieval of old information