Bacteria Unit 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Bacteria Unit 3 Deck (28):
1

Staphylococcus aureus MSSA

Gram+ cocci.
Beta Lactamase.
Effective antibiotics: All EXCEPT peni, amox/amp, amino, cipro, levo, moxi, nitro, metro

2

Staphylococcus epidermidis (SSNA, CNS)

Gram+ cocci.
Not listed on chart.

3

Streptococcus pyogenes

Gram+ cocci.
Effective Antibiotics: All EXCEPT amino, cipro, nitro, metro

4

Streptococcus pneumoniae

Gram+ cocci.
Effective antibiotics: All EXCEPT amino, cipro, nitro, metro

5

“Viridans” Streptococci

Gram+ cocci.
Effective antibiotics: All EXCEPT amino, cipro, nitro, metro

6

Enterococccus

Gram+ cocci.
Effective antibiotics: peni, amox/ampi, amox/clav, pip/tazo, vanco,

7

Vanc Resistant Enterococcus (VRE)

Gram+ cocci.
Effective antibiotics: none

8

Clostridium difficile

Gram+ rod.
Anaerobe
Effective Antibiotics: vanco, metro

9

Clostridium tetani

Gram+ rod. Strict anaerobe. Not listed on chart.

10

Clostridium botulinum

Gram+ rod. Anaerobic. Not listed on chart.

11

Clostridium perfringens

Gram+ rod.
Anaerobic.
Gangrene.
Effective antibiotics: clinda

12

Escherichia coli

Gram- rod.
Effective antibiotics: amox/ampi, amox/clav,
pip/tazo, (all cephalosporins) cephal/cefaz, cefuro, ceftri, ceftaz, cefe, (all carbapenems) ertapenem, imip/dori/mero, tetra, amino, (fluoroquinolones) cipro, levo, moxi, nitro

13

Pseudomonas

Gram - rod.
Contains AmpC.
Effective antibiotics: pip/tazo, ceftaz, cefe, imip/dori/mero, amino, cipro, levo

14

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Gram- (diplo) cocci.
Effective antibiotics: ceftri, macro, tetra

15

Bacteroides fragilis

Gram- rod.
Anaerobe.
Effective antibiotics: amox/clav, pop/tazo, ertapenem, imip/dore/mero, tetra, clinda, metro

16

Chlamydia trachomatis

Obligate intracellular bacteria.
Effective antibiotics: macro, tetra, cipro, levo, moxi

17

Mycoplasma pneumoniae

Bacteria lacking walls.
Effective antibiotics: macro, tetra, cipro, levo, moxi

18

Klebsiella SHV-1

Gram- rod.
Effective antibiotics: amox/clav, pip/tazo, cephal/cefaz, ceftri, ceftaz, cefe, ertapenem, imip/dori/mero, tetra, amino, cipro, levo

19

Gram+ Cocci

Staph aureus
Staph epidermidis
Strep pyogenes
Strep pneumoniae
Strep Viridins
Enterococcus

20

Gram- Cocci

N. gonorrhea

21

Gram+ Rod

All clostridium

22

Gram- Rod

All E. coli
All Klebsiella
All pseudomonas
Bacteroides fragilis
Chlamydia

23

Anaerobes

Bacteroides fragilis, Clostridium tetani.

24

Bacteria Lacking Cell Walls

Mycoplasma

25

Staph aureus MRSA

Gram+ cocci.
Altered PBP.
Effective antibiotics: vanco, macro, tetracyclines, clinda

26

E. coli TEM-1

Gram- rod.
Contains TEM-1 = amp (narrow beta lactamase)
Effective antibiotics:amox/clav, pip/tazo, cephal/cefaz, ceftri, ceftaz, cefe, ertapenem, imip/dori/mero, tetra, amino, nitro

27

E. coli ESBL

Gram- rod.
Contains ESBL = extended spectrum beta lactamase
Effective antibiotics: ertapenem, imip/dori/mero, tetra, amino

28

Klebsilla KPC

Gram- rod.
Effective antibiotics: amino