What are the 4 base ingredients of beer?
- Cereal / Grain + Malt
What are the 2 basic categories of beer?
Ales use ____-fermenting yeasts.
Lagers use ____-fermenting yeasts.
- Ales = top-fermenting yeasts
- Lagers = bottom-fermenting yeasts
Ales ferment at ____er temperatures.
Lagers ferment at ____er temperatures.
Ales ferment at warmer temps
Lagers ferment at cooler temps
How do ales and lagers differ in aromas + flavors?
Ales = more fruity
Lagers = crisp + clean
Give an example of a German Ale.
Give 3 examples of a British Ale.
- Pale Ale
- India Pale Ale (IPA)
Give an example of an Irish Ale.
Give 2 examples of Belgian Ales.
- Lambic (which has spontaneous fermentation)
- Wit or White Bier
Give an example of a Czech Lager.
Give 3 examples of a German Lager.
What percent of beer is water?
85% - 90%
The chemical makeup of water can determine what _____ of beer is brewed.
Which cereal grain is most used to brew beer because of its high quality?
What other cereal grains can be used to brew beer?
In order for fermentation to happen, what does a brewer have to do to the cereal grain?
Germinate the cereal grain to turn its starches into fermentable sugars – because yeasts eat sugar, not starch.
What is malt?
Cereal or grain that’s been germinated.
What is the next step for malt after it’s been germinated?
It’s dried in a kiln.
The style of beer that’s ultimately produced – in regards to color, flavor, and aroma – depends on what?
- Temperature at which malt is kilned
- How long the malt is kilned
What determines if a beer is an ale or a lager?
The yeast strain
In beer production, what ferments the malt sugars into alcohol?:
Besides fermenting malt sugars into alcohol, what other role do yeasts play in beer production?
They contribute characteristic aromas and flavors to the beer.
What are hops?
Hops are flowers of the hop plant that are used in beer production.
What are the roles of hops in beer production?
- Their resin, when boiled in the fermentation process, contributes bitterness to beer which helps counterbalance the sweet maltiness in beer;
- Act as a preservative
- Lend flavors + aromas