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Flashcards in Behavioral Exam Deck (16):

What is the first level of maslows heirarchy of needs?

Physiological needs

survival skills, includes having enough health, food, air and water to survive.

Achieved by eat, sleep and take care of body)


What is the second level of maslows hierarchy of needs?


Need to be safe from harm in present and future.

Achieve by work, be responsible, improve skills and talents)


What is the third level of maslows heirarchy of needs?

Love/ belonging

(validation) (love, relationships, communication, need to be loved.

Achieve by join and be active in clubs and groups. Be able to talk to others)


What is the 4th level of maslows hierarchy of needs?

Self esteem

Acceptance, self esteem, need for reputation, recognition from others, self confidence.

Achieve by have self confidence, appreciate attention


What is the 5th level of maslows hierarchy of needs?

Self actualization

Creativity, fulfillment of goals and dreams, desire to realize your full potential and become the best you can be.

achieve by be a self starter, be creative, dedicated, love to accomplish results.


What are the 8 human needs?

-Protection from health risks
-Freedom for fear and stress
-Freedom from pain
-Wholesome facial image
-Skin/ mucous membrane integrity of the head and neck
-Biologically sound and functional dentition
-Conceptualization and problem solving
-Responsibility for oral health


What is maslows hierarchy of needs?

Love/ belonging
Self esteem
Self actualization

(Must fulfill one level before moving up the pyramid to the next. Can go up and down the pyramid many times)


Define health as stated by WHO

The extent to which an individual or group is able, on the one hand, to realize aspirations and satisfy needs and on the other hand, to change and cope with the environment


3 theories of motivation?

Self efficacy- self confidence. Belief in self will have positive outcome.

Attribution theory- success or failure based on feelings about them self. Tell pt how hard they are trying which can encourage them.

Law of effect theory- positive and negative reinforcement. Behavior rewarded will be continued and behavior punished will be discontinued.


3 learning styles?

Visual (eye smart)- thinks in pictures, would rather read text then lecture. Enjoys charts, graphs and pictures

Auditory (ear smart)- would rather listen to a lecture, enjoys talking, discussing issues and verbal stimuli.

Tactile (action smart)- prefers hands on approach to learning, likes to take notes, learns best by doing something.


4 elements that contribute to the health of the client?

1. DNA (human biology)
2. Environment
3. Health care
4. Lifestyles


The 4 W.H.O strategies for oral disease prevention and oral health

1. Reducing oral disease burden and disability

2. Promoting healthy lifestyles and reducing risk factors to oral health that arise from environmental, economic, social and behavioral causes.

3. Developing oral health systems that equally improve oral health are outcomes.

4. Framing policies in oral health based on integration programs and promoting oral health as an effective dimension for development policy.


Steps of the learning ladder?

Self interest

"Ugly apes sit in a hut"


8 intelligences and examples

1. Picture smart (visual/ spatial)
Thinks through pictures, knows where everything's at.

2. Word smart (verbal/ linguistic)
Likes to talk, good at spelling and telling stories, loves to read.

3. Music smart (musical/ rhythm)
Loves to sing/ hum, understands music.

4. Number (math/ logic)
Enjoys math and numbers, good problem solving skills, easily conceptualize and reasons.

5. Body smart (kinesthetic)
Moves around a lot and is hands on. Athletic ability.

6. People smart (interpersonal)
Enjoys people, group activities, lots of friends.

7. Self smart (intrapersonal)
Likes to be alone, no group activities.

8. Environment smart (naturalistic)
Enjoys nature, hiking, outdoors.

"Peter wood makes nobody but people sit E"


Internal locus control

Individuals who believe they have control over their destiny, easier to work with, personal history of success, take initiative


External locus of control

Individuals who believe events will happen regardless of their own efforts to alter the outcome. Believe in fate, rely on other peoples opinions, believes it's luck.