Behavioral Final Flashcards Preview

Term 2 > Behavioral Final > Flashcards

Flashcards in Behavioral Final Deck (30):
1

Ethnicity

Unique cultural and social heritage within the primary racial divisions that reflect customs, language, diet, religious beliefs.

2

Culture

Sum total of human behavior passed down from generation to generation or from one to another within the group.

Behavior
Beliefs
Values
Traditions
Customs
Rituals
Language

3

Ethnic group

People who share similarities in heritage and traditions passed on from generation to generation.

Share common factors: food, language, dialect, music

4

Subculture

Formed by a group of person who have developed interest or goals different from the primary culture:
- occupation (Hollywood culture)
- gender (gay culture)
- age (youth culture)
- social class (middle class)

5

Jews

Tradition kosher diet
Circumcision performed to prevent disease
Emphasis for cleanliness

6

Islam

Uses herbs as natural religious ritual for treating illness

May be treated by a same gender healthcare provider and or interpreter.

7

Christian scientists

Prayer and religious counsel will heal the sick

Sickness is mentally originated and can be cured through proper mental processes

Accept drug less practices

8

Race

Classification of human being based on physical characteristics such as skin color, stature, eye color, hair color and texture, facial characteristics and general body characteristics. ALL ARE HEREDITARY CANT BE CHANGED

9

Humanism

Dignity and worth of all individuals through concern for their network of attitudes, values, behavior patterns and way of life.

All humans have basic need

Recognized the right of all humans to have their needs satisfied

10

Holism

An individual is more than the total sum of parts.

Emotional and spiritual needs are included

Shows concern for and interest in all dimensions of the individual

11

Stereotyping

Erroneous behavior of assuming that people possess certain characteristics or traits simply because they are members of a particular group.

12

Ethnocentrism

Is the belief that one's culture is superior to that of others.

13

Socioeconomic status

Defined by a persons income, occupation and level of education.

U.S.- large middle class

It affects-
Where one lives
How one spends money
How one's uses free time
Where one receives and pays for health care.
One's General and oral health status.

14

Poverty

Relative based on the standards prevailing in the community.

-poverty in one community may be considered wealth in another.

-poverty is a culture and as a culture it is passed on from generation to generation.

15

Person who lives in poverty are likely to manifest what?

-unemployment
-dependent on gov asst for survival
-external locus of control
-substance abuse
-mental and/or physical disability
-Depression
-domestic violence

16

Gesticulation

Signals made with the body that communicate emotions

-facial expression
-shaking the head
-hand gestures
-slap on back

17

Zones of territory

Appropriate distances between people

Religious beliefs: same gender issues

Can be based upon degree of respect, authority and friendship.

18

Larger zones

Anglo countries including
Americans
Asians
Pakistanis
Asian Indians
Northern Europeans

19

Smaller zones

Latin Americans, Africans, Arabs and Southern Europeans.

DH invade the specials zones of clients

20

Eye contact

Staring or continuously looking
Lack of eye contact

21

Physical contact

Appropriate touch.

Far East people: touch other person as sign of respect

Third world: people of opposite gender rarely touch

Traditional Japanese, Chinese and Arab men and women seldom touch in public

22

Polychronic

So many things at the same time

Are repetitive in their speech

Place a low value on time

23

Monochronic

Linear in their thinking
Clock and work oriented

24

Dental fear

Unpleasant mental, emotional or physiologic sensation derived from a specific dental related stimulus

25

Dental anxiety

Nonspecific unease, apprehension or negative thoughts about what may happen. Fear of unknown

26

Dental phobia

Persistent fear in which an object or situation is avoided or endured with intense anxiety it interferes with normal routine

27

What is released from the hypothalamus when you have stress reactions?

Adrenaline and cortisol

28

Helping anxious patients in the dental office

Tell-show-do
Full disclosure of unseen fears
Full disclosure of $$$
Minimize waiting time
Give patient some control

29

Chronologic age

Measured by calendar since birth

30

Functional age

Based on performance capacities.

(Age 50- confined to wheel chair has a higher functional age then a 50 year old athlete)