Flashcards in Special Needs Final Deck (42):
Chlamydia transmission perinatal?
-herpes simplex virus
HSV - 1
Occurs above the waist (mouth, nose, eye)
Occurs below the waist (genitalia)
If untreated: developmentally delayed, seizures or death
Oral manifestations of HIV/AIDS
-erythemtous or atrophic
Hairy leukoplakia on lat border of tongue
Linear gingival erythema
Erythemtous (red round patches on roof of mouth)
Hepatitis A and how is it transmitted?
Transmitted from contaminated food, water of shellfish
Acute liver diseSe
Organs affected- liver & spleen
Hep B and transmission
Acute or chronic
Transmitted by punctures or mucosal contact with blood, saliva or semen
Hep C and transmission
Most common chronic bloodborne infection in the U.S.
TRANSMISSION- needle sticks, drug users. Etc. less likely- sex, exposure to infected blood
Hep D and transmission
Aka delta hepatitis
Unrelated to Hep A B or C
Acute and chronic
Uncommon in the U.S.
TRANSMISSION- occurs only as a co infection with acute HBV or as a superinfection in carriers of HBV.
Percutaneous (needle) or mucosal contact of blood.
Hep E and transmission
Acute. Does not become chronic unless on immunosuppressive tx for organ transplant.
TRANSMISSION- fecal- oral route. Usually contaminated drinking water
Person to person is also possible but rare.
Gonorrhea transmission perinatal?
Who gets pernicious anemia?
People who have inadequate diet or impaired absorption.
Pregnancy, hyperparathyroidism, disseminated cancer
Primarily affects people over 40.
What is pernicious anemia?
Deficiency of vit B 12
Signs and symptoms of pernicious anemia?
Tingling or numbness of fingers and toes
Lack of coordination
What types of medications treat pernicious anemia?
Vit B12 injections twice weekly until condition is controlled then monthly indefinitely.
Oral findings of pernicious anemia?
Loss of filiform papilla
Sensitive to hot or spicy foods
Pale atrophic gingiva and mucousa similar to Vit B deficiency.
What is sickle cell disease?
A hereditary form of hemolytic anemia resulting from a defective hemoglobin molecule.
who gets sickle cell disease?
It's an autosomal recessive trait disorder (2 parents contributing)
The most common genetic disorder of the blood.
Primarily African America and white populations of Mediterranean origin.
Signs and symptoms of sickle cell disease?
Appear after 6 months when hemoglobin has matured.
Impaired growth and development
Sickle cell disease treatment?
Supportive and plastics treatments
Penicillin for prophet and new transfusion regimens
Oral findings from sickle cell disease,
Delayed eruption, malocclusion and dentin hypomineralization
Facial and dental pain.
What is polycthemias?
An increase in number and concentration of RBC
What is leukemia?
Malignant neoplastic disorder causing an increase in WBC
Who gets leukemia?
Combination of genetic and environmental
-chronic exposure to chemicals or ionizing radiation.
Oral findings in leukemia?
Blunted papilla, odor, necrosis
Candidiasis, herpetic infection
Toothache from invasion in pulp
Drug and radiation therapy
Symptoms of leukemia
Enlarge lymph nodes and spleen
Petechiae on the skin with nodules of leukemic cells
What is hemophilia A?
Classic hemophilia. Reduced amount of factor VIII
What is hemophilia B?
Christmas disease. Deficiency of a blood plasma protein factor IX. It affects the clotting properties of blood
Who gets hemophilia A and B?
X linked recessive genetic diseases. Occurs primarily in males
What is Von willebrands disease?
Form of hemophilia characterized by prolonged bleeding time in the presence of a normal platlet count.
Who gets Von willebrabnds disease,
Both males and females
Radiation oral findings
Alteration of taste
Dysphagia (difficulty swallowing)
What is osteoporosis?
Loss of minerals and bone mass. Bones more susceptible to fracture.
How to prevent osteoporosis?
Calcium intake during adolescence and early adulthood.
Load bearing exercise
Signs and symptoms of osteoporosis
Kyphosis (exaggerated curve of the spine)
Exaggerated curve of the spine.
Treatment of osteoporosis