Path Midterm Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Path Midterm Deck (34):
1

Macule

Freckle

2

Pedunculated

Stem-like

3

Pustule

Pus filled

4

Sessile

Flat base

5

Corrugated

Cardboard/ wrinkled

6

Fibroma

Most common benign soft tissue lesion in the mouth

7

Mucocele

Most common on lower lip

8

Amalgam tattoo

Focal argyrosis

9

Static bone cyst

Stafne bone cyst, an extension of (sublingual or submandibular) salivary gland in the posterior mandible

10

Fordyce granules

Ectopic sebaceous glands

11

Median rhomboid glossitis

Candida

12

Geographic tongue

Benign migratory glossitis/ erythema migrans

13

Cementicles

White Radiopaque calcified bodies in the PDL space

14

Innate immunity

NK cells/ dendritic cells/ serum complement/ cytokines/ neutrophils/ macrophages

15

Biochemical mediators of inflammation

Kinin
Clotting
Complement systems

16

Leukocytes

Granulocytes
Lymphocytes
Monocytes

17

Neutrophils

60-70% of WBCs, first on site of injury

18

Granular leukocytes

BENs Grains

B- Basophils
E- Eosinophils
N- Neutophils
G- Granulated

19

Apoptosis

Programmed cell death

20

Necrosis

Death

21

Margination

WBCs move to the margin of blood vessel

22

Emigration

WBCs emigrate beyond blood vessel

23

Vesicle

Serous fluid

24

Chemotaxis

Chemical attraction moves WBCs

25

Opsonization

Optimizes phagocytosis

26

Bradykinin

Dilates blood vessels/ increases pain

27

Histamine

From mast cells/ dilated blood vessels

28

Prostaglandins

Mast cells/ dilates blood vessels/ fever/ pain/ redness

29

Leukocytosis

Increase WBCs

30

Leukopenia

Decrease WBCs

31

C reactive protein

Elevated with inflammation of infection of cardiovascular system, made in the liver

32

Hematoma

Bruise

33

Hemangioma

Benign blood vessel tumor

34

Hemangiosarcoma

Malignant blood vessel tumor (AIDS)