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Flashcards in Biovet case questions Deck (61):
1

What are the RBC indices in english/french

MCV, MCHC, MCH,
VGM, TGMH, CGMH

2

How can you tell if an anemia is regenerative or not

reticulocytes

3

what does 2+ polychromasia present as

3-7%

4

Which early Rbc is before a metarubricyte

rubricyte

5

what does alt evaluate

liver function

6

what tests evaluate kidney function

creatinine, urea, phosphorus

7

Which wbc would you expect to be elevated in a heart worm case

eosinophils because they are released when there are parasites

8

why would you see echinocytes

poor collection techniques, or real due to diabetes/dehydration

9

what is an antigen test for heartworm

elisa, snap 4DX

10

List all the electrolytes tested in the biochem profile

phos, calcium, potassium, sodium, chloride

11

list 2 biochem results that evaluate the liver

ALT, ALP

12

What are the 2 plasma proteins

albumin, globulin

13

If you have lymphoma why would you have non-regenerative anemia

because the cancer is affecting his bone marrow so reticulocytes are not being made

14

what are the 3 ways that cancer lymphocytes are different

lacy nuclear chromatin, prominent large nucleoli, variable sized nucleus

15

what is the term for elevated wbc

leukocytosis

16

what is the term for elevated monocyte count

monocytosis

17

what is the term for low eosinophil count

eosinopenia

18

what electrolyte is often elevated with lymphoma

calcium

19

what can cause an increase in urea

dehydration

20

why does globulin elevate

inflammation

21

how is it possible that an animal may be more anemic then their rbc values suggest

due to dehydration

22

what does increased cortisone do to the wbc

decrease eosinophils
increase neutrophils

23

what are the three types of leukograms

excitement, stress, left shift

24

when is pyometra the most likely to occur

4 months after heat

25

how do you treat pyometra

removal of uterus

26

what are the 2 general types of pyometra

open and closed

27

what are codocytes

rbc deformities due to the cell membrane

28

what are the two types of codocytes

target cells and stomatocytes

29

what type of stain is the new methlyne blue stain

it is a supra vital stain used to stain reticulocytes

30

what is syncope

fainting

31

why would you see band neutrophils

due to mild left shift

32

what is AIHA

autoimmune hemolytic anemia

33

what is a polychromatophil

a young/degenerated rbc that stains with an acid, neutral or basic dye

34

what is a reticulocyte

an immature RBC

35

How is a reticulocyte different from a polychromatophil

a polychromatophil is a prematurely released RBC whereas a reticulocyte is an immature rbc

36

why do we see spherocytes

caused by AIHA

37

Why does a sphericity look hyperchromic

damage to cell membrane, same concentration of hemoglobin in a smaller package.

38

Spherocytes are considered a hallmark of which disease

AIHA

39

What is pelger huet

a genetic disorder

40

what does pelger huet do to the neutrophils

cause them to be band

41

What defines an inflammatory leukogram

increase in neutrophils, decrease in lymphocytes and increase in non segmented neutrophils

42

how can you tell if it is a recent abscess or chronic

increase in neutrophils, also increase in globulin

43

how can you tell if something is a chronic infection

monocytosis. if monocytosis is absent then its acute

44

why can TP be elevated

dehydration, inflammation

45

what liver test is used in dogs and cats and not in cows

ALT

46

what liver test is used in the cow but is not in the biovet cat/dog profiles

AST

47

What can elevated AST also be caused by

muscular damage

48

a deficiency of this mineral _____ causes grass tetany in cattle

magnesium

49

why would a horse have a low blood glucose value

the cells use it

50

what vacutainer can be used to avoid false blood glucose values

grey

51

why can an animal present as a false hypothyroid

chronic disease can cause a hypothyroid presentation

52

why can you see echinocytes and rouleaux

echinocytes: dehydration
rouleaux: critical sickness

53

what is hemangiosarcoma

cancer of the blood vessels

54

what results in the biochem would support blood loss

decreased erythrocytes

55

what is hematochezia

bloody stool

56

in a 3 month old puppy what parasite can cause hematochezia

giardia

57

what is the significance of elevated CK

muscle damage

58

what are heinz bodies

denatured hemoglobin

59

what biochem tests are evaluated in pancreatitis

amylase, lipase

60

which biochem test is elevated in hypothyroidism in the dog

cholesterol

61

what 2 biochem tests could be used to determine whether the cat is diabetic or not

fructosamine or glycoslated hemoglobin