Block 4 neuro part 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Block 4 neuro part 3 Deck (198)
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1

Global developmental delay-

children under the age of 5 who are >2 standard deviations below the mean on age related, standardized developmental assessments

2

IQ:
Mild mental retardation-
Moderate mental retardation-
Severe mental retardation-
Profound mental retardation-

-50-69
-35-49
-20-34
-

3

Big developmental milestone of 4 months-

head control

4

Big developmental milestone of 6 months-

sits up

5

Big developmental milestone of 9 months-

crawls

6

Big developmental milestone of 1 year-

walks, first words

7

Big developmental milestone of 2 years-

2 word phrases

8

Big developmental milestone of 3 years-

3 word phrases

9

Which of these developmental screening tools is NOT recommended? Ages and Stages, Parental evaluation of developmental status, Brignance screen, Denver II

Brignance Screen

10

Static encephalopathy-

developmental milestones reached, just at slower pace

11

Neurodegenerative disease effect on development-

development starts off normal but you reach a plateu and possible regression

12

Pervasive developmental delay-

motor skills intact, but delay in social/behavioral delays

13

Pervasive developmental delay-

motor skills intact, but delay in social/behavioral delays

14

the TORCH infections-

Toxoplasmosis, Rubella, CMV, HSV

15

most common cause of hydrocephalus in premature babies-

intraventricular hemorrhage

16

We used to thing that all CP was caused by ___________ due to a mistake by doctor. Since then, we have found that this is the case only _____% of the time, and it is usually not the doctor's fault.

-Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy
-20%

17

Timing of hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy (percentages) for term infants
Antepartum-
Intrapartum-
Intrapartum/Antepartum-
Postnatal-

-20%
-35%
-35%
-10%

18

Kwashiorkor is caused by a _____ deficiency

protein

19

kernicterus-

a buildup of bilirubin from postnatal liver failure/insufficiency

20

Adenoma sebaceum, cortical tubers, ash leaf macule, and giant cell astrocytoma are consistent with a diagnosis of

Tuberous sclerosis

21

cafe-au-lait macules, lisch nodules, optic nerve gliomas and fibroma molluscum are consistent with a diagnosis of:

neurofibromatosis type I

22

Sturge Weber Syndrome-

contralateral hemiparesis, seizures, cognitive delays, due to meninges stealing blood from brain, leading to cortical calcifications and whatnot

23

Sturge Weber Syndrome-

contralateral hemiparesis, seizures, cognitive delays, due to meninges stealing blood from brain, leading to cortical calcifications and whatnot

24

Consciousness has 2 components:

level of alertness and content of consciousness

25

If someone has decreased consciousness, think of damage to ______ or ______

bilateral cortical hemispheres or RAS

26

with delirium, ____ is intact but person has disturbed content of consciousness

alertness

27

Delerium is caused by generalized or multifocal process affecting _______

both hemispheres

28

all patients in coma will change after _____ weeks, for better or worse

2-4

29

Patients who have survived the coma state without gaining higher cognitive function =

vegetative state

30

person is considered to be in a persistent vegetative state if they are in vegetative state for longer than _____

3 months