Body Organization And Surface Anatomy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Body Organization And Surface Anatomy Deck (53):
1

Inferior (caudal)

Towards the bottom of the body

2

Anterior (ventral)

Towards the front of the body or cavity

3

Posterior (ventral)

Towards the back of the body or cavity

4

Medial

Towards the belly button

5

Lateral

Towards the arm

6

Deep (internal)

Into the body

7

Superficial (external)

Out of the body

8

Proximal

Closer

9

Distal

Farther away

10

Visceral

Surface of cavity lining the organ

11

Parietal

Surface of cavity lining the exterior of cavity

12

Bilateral

Same structure diff side

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Ipsilateral

Diff structure same side

14

Contralateral

Diff structure diff side

15

Axilla

Armpit region

16

Supraorbital margin (super ciliary ridge)

Edge of eyebrow

17

Auricle

Ear

18

Thyroid cartilage

Atoms Apple

19

Suprasternal notch

Notch above the sternum

20

Zygomatic bone

Cheek bone

21

Supraclavicular fossa

Space above the clavicle

22

Costal marginal ribs

V-shaped portion of ribs

23

Pectoralis Major

Large chest muscle

24

Latissimus Dorsi

Last

25

Trapezius

Large back muscle

26

Cubical fossa

Notch in anterior elbow region when

27

Inguinal ligament

Groin muscle above thigh. Line of underwear

28

Iliac crest

Hip bone

29

Gluteus Maximus

Lower portion of buttocks

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Gluteus Medius

Superior portion of buttocks

31

Popliteal Fossa (popliteus)

Notch behind knee

32

Gastrocnemius

Calf muscle

33

Cranial cavity

Holds brain and meninges

34

Vertebral canal

House spinal cord

35

What cavities are in the Posterior Cavity(dorsal body cavity)?

Cranial cavity and vertebral canal (spinal cavity)

36

Diaphragm

Muscle that separates the thoracic cavity and abdominopelvic cavity

37

What organs are in the right upper quadrant?

Right love of liver, gallbladder, right kidney, portions of stomach, small and large intestine

38

What organs are in the right lower quadrant?

Cecum, appendix, portions of small intestine, right ureter, right ovary, right spermatic cord

39

What organs are in the left upper quadrant?

Left love of liver, stomach, pancreas, left kidney, spleen, portions of large intestine

40

Left lower quadrant

Most of small intestine and portions of large intestine, left ureter, and reproductive organs (left ovary and left spermatic cord)

41

What organs are in the left hypochondriac region?

Spleen and left portion of stomach

42

What organs are in the left lumbar region?

Left lower portion of stomach, left portion of large intestine, left upper portion of small intestine

43

What organs are in the left inguinal region?

Left lower large intestine and left lower small intestine

44

What organs are in the hypogastric region?

Urinary bladder, appendix, lower portion of small intestine

45

What organs are in the right inguinal region?

Right lower large intestine and right lower small intestine

46

What organs are in the right lumbar region?

Right portion of the large intestine, lower portion of liver

47

What organs are in the umbilical region?

Large intestine and small intestine, gallbladder. Stomach

48

What organs are in the right hypochondriac region?

Right portion of the liver

49

What organs are in the epigastric region?

Liver and stomach

50

What is in the mediastinum?

Trachea, esophagus, major blood vessels, and pericardial cavity

51

What cavity contains the mediastinum?

Thoracic cavity

52

pleural cavity

Surrounds lung

53

Superior (cephalic)

Towards the head