Book 1 - Foreword Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Book 1 - Foreword Deck (124):
0

Incident command is responsible for the completion of incident priorities. Incident priorities are:

- Life safety
- Incident stabilization
- Property conservation

1

The overall direction and goals of the incident are entailed at this level.

Strategic

2

Objectives that must be achieved to meet strategic goals are done at this level.

Tactical level

3

The supervisor / officer at the _______ level is responsible for completing assigned objectives.

Tactical level

4

At the _____ level companies receive specific assignments with the goal of meeting tactical level requirements.

Task

5

Functions of Command:

1. Assume and announce __________ and establish an effective operating position or (______________).

Command / Command post

6

Functions of Command:

2. Rapidly evaluate the situation (_______) and/or receive briefing from the previous IC.

Size up

7

Functions of Command:

3. Initiate, maintain and control the __________ process.

Communications

8

To achieve priorities the IC must define the following:

1.
2.
3.

Incident objectives
Strategy
Tactics

9

Functions of Command:

4. ..., develop a _________________ and assign resources based on strategies and tactics following SOGs.

Incident Action Plan

10

Functions of Command:

5. Develop an effective ______ organization and initiate and maintain a _______ work sheet.

ICS / tactical

11

Functions of Command:

6. __________ activity for all command and general staff.

Coordinate

12

Functions of Command:

7. _________, __________, and _________ (as needed) the IAP.

Review, evaluate and revise

13

Functions of Command:

8. Provide for the continuity, ________, and termination of _________.

Transfer / Command

14

Initial Radio Report:
Radio report should include:
* _________ of the company arriving on scene
* Brief _________ of the incident situation
* Obvious __________

* Designation
* description
* conditions

15

Establishing Command:
First company officer must determine the type or scope of the
incident:
1. ____________ incident or
2. ____________ incident

Single company
Multiple company

16

Initial Radio Report:
- Should include:
* Brief description of _______ being taken
* Any obvious _______ concerns
* Assumptions, identification, and location of _________
* Request or release _________ as required

- actions
- safety
- command
- resources

17

Radio Designation
The radio designation __________ will be used along with the geographical location of the incident.

- recommend a one-word identifier

"Command"

18

Radio Communications Format
In this protocol, the ______ states the intended ______ radio designation first then follows with the _______ designation.

- The methodology reduces confusion and preserves airtime for important messages.

Sender / receivers / senders

Ex. "Medical group from Command"
"Medical group, Command"

19

Communications Order Model:
In order for IC to obtain _______ that his radio message/order was received, understood and correct action is being taken the radio message must be ________.

confirmation / repeated

20

What command option should be used with no visible indicators of a significant event?

Investigation option

21

In situations that require immediate action the company officer should go with the crew to provide supervision. This command option is called?

Fast attack option

22

Offensive fire attacks, critical life safety (rescues), or the welfare of responders is in question are all examples of when this command option should be used?

Fast attack option

23

"Command post" is considered one of the ____________?

Command options

24

In a "command post" command option a ___________ should be initiated and used to assist in managing the incident.

Tactical worksheet

25

...., one of the first decisions the initial IC needs to make is based on a ___________ evaluation.

Risk/Benefit

26

Failure by the IC to this evaluation is the ultimate example of not being responsible for the safety of their personnel?

Risk/Benefit

27

In the early 1970s a system was developed in California to address the resource management needs associated with large scale ___________ fires.

wildland

p VII

28

The system became known as the ___________ __________ Incident Command System.

California FIRESCOPE

p VII

29

During the same time period, another incident management system, Fire Ground Command (FGC) was developed by the __________ FD.

Phoenix, AZ

p VII

30

Using _________ _________ helps to define organizational functions, incident facilities, resource descriptions and position titles.

common terminology

p IX

31

____________ organization. The IC organizational structure develops in a _____ - ______, modular fashion that is based on the size and complexity of the incident, as well as the specifics of the hazard environment created by the incident.

Modular / top- down

p IX

32

Management by ___________. Includes establishing overreaching objectives; developing and issuing assignments, plans, procedures and protocols.

objectives

p IX

33

Reliance on an __________ ________ ______. __________ ________ _______ provide a coherent means of communication the overall incident objectives in the contexts of both operational and support activities.

Incident Action Plans (IAPs) / Incident Action Plans

p IX

34

ICS essential features:

_______ of Command and _______ of Command

Chain / Unity

p IX

35

Chain of Command refers to the orderly line of _________ within the ranks of the incident management organization.

authority

p IX

36

Unity of Command means that every individual has a designated _________ to whom they report at the scene of the incident.

supervisor

p IX

37

________ Command allow agencies with different legal, geographic, and functional authorities and responsibilities to work together effectively without affecting individual agency authority, responsibility or accountability.

Unified

p X

38

* ____________ span of control.

________ of ________ is key to effective and efficient incident management. Within ICS, the span of control of any individual with incident management supervisory responsibility should range from ________ to ________ subordinates.

Manageable / Span of control / three to seven

p X

39

Typical _____ - __________ facilities include IC posts, bases, camps, staging areas, mass casualty triage areas, and other as required.

pre-designated

p X

40

_________ management includes processes for categorizing ordering, dispatching, tracking and recovering resources.

Resource

p X

41

The incident management organization must establish a process for gathering, sharing and managing incident related __________ and __________.

information and intelligence

p X

42

___________ communications.
Incident communications are facilitated through the development and use of a __________ communications plan and _________ communications processes and architectures.

Intergrated / common / interoperable

p X

43

___________ of Command
When command is ____________, the process must include a briefing that captures all essential information for continuing safe and effective operations.

Transfer / transferred

p X

44

Effective _____________ at all jurisdictional levels and within individual functional areas during incident operations is essential.

accountability

p X

45

Accountability:
- ______-____ : All responders, regardless of agency affiliation, must report in to receive an assignment in accordance with the procedures established by the IC.
- ___________ ________ _______ : Response operations must be directed and coordinated as outlined in ______.
- ________ of __________: Each individual involved in incident operations will be assigned to only one supervisor.

Check-in / Incident Action Plan / IAP / Unity of Command

p X

46

Accountability:
- ________ of _________: Supervisors must be able to adequately supervise and control their subordinates, as well as communicate with and manage all resources under their supervision.

Span of Control

pXI

47

Accountability:
- ___________ _________: Supervisors must record and report resource status changes as they occur.

Resource Tracking

p XI

48

Accountability:
- __________: Personnel and equipment should respond only when requested or when dispatched by an appropriate authority.

Deployment

p XI

49

Agencies having ______________ or ____________ responsibility at the incident retain authority on those matters pertaining to that jurisdiction.

jurisdictional or statutory

p XI

50

Which NFPA standard sets a minimum requirement for a fire service related occupational safety and health program?

NFPA 1500 Standard on Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Program

p XI

51

Personnel should wear appropriate respiratory protection when exposed to what type of atmospheres?

Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health (IDLH)

p XII

52

The IC system should be initiated with the arrival of the ?

first agency responder

p XII

53

Activities that present a significant risk to safety of member shall be limited to situations where there is a potential to?

save endangered lives

p XII

54

No risk to the safety of members shall be acceptable when there is no possibility to ?

Save lives or property

p XII

55

All members operating at an emergency are responsible to actively participate in the departments?

accountability system

p XII

56

Who is responsible for the overall personnel accountability?

The Incident Commander

p XII

57

The IC shall implement _________ Directors, ________ / ________ Supervisors when needed to reduce the span of control for the IC.

Branch / Divison/Group

p XII

58

___________ _________ are accountable for all company members, and company members are responsible to remain under the supervision of their assigned ___________ __________.

Company Officers / Company Officers

p XIII

59

The IC shall provide for additional accountability officers based on the ______, __________ or _______ of an incident.

size, complexity or needs

p XIII

60

The ICS shall include standard operating guidelines that use "______________ __________" communication to evacuate personnel from an area where an imminent hazard is found to exist.

" Emergency Traffic "

p XIII

61

At an emergency incident where activities are determined by the safety officer to be unsafe or to involve an imminent hazard, the Safety Officer shall have the authority to ?

alter, suspend, or terminate those activities

p XIII

62

Members operating in hazardous areas at emergency incidents shall operate in ?

crews of two or more

p XIII

63

At least one dedicated _________ ____________ _______ / _________ shall be standing by with equipment to provide for the rescue of members operating at emergency incidents if the need arises.

Rapid Intervention Crew / Company

p XIII

64

The following areas are also very important in reducing risk to members:
* Effective ___________
* ______ and _____________
* Continuous evaluation of __________ conditions
* Past ___________

* Effective training
* Rest and rehabilitation
* changing
* Past experiences

p XIV

65

The safety officer must be assigned as ______ in the incident as possible.

early

p XIV

66

The Safety Officer reports directly to the ?

IC

p XIV

67

The Safety Officer recommends to the IC any changes to the IAP as a result of the ?

ongoing surveys

p XIV

68

The Safety Officer is integrated within the ICS as a member of the ?

Command staff

p XIV

69

FDs should define __________ __________ ___________ for the response of a Safety Officer.

standard operating procedures

p XIV

70

The IC should consider Assistant Safety Officers to cover the ____________ areas of the incident.

geographic

p XIV

71

The Safety Officer should recon the scene and report to the IC the status of __________, __________, and ________.

conditions, hazards, and risks

p XIV

72

The Safety Officer should provide the IC with a _____ ___________ of the IAP and incident scene operations.

risk assessment

p XV

73

Examples for a safety officer on call or designated to respond:
* ____________ fires
* _________ alarm
* _________ injury or ________ transported for treatment
* _________ rescue incident
* At the request of the __________ __________
* __________ materials incident

* Commerical
* Multiple
* Responder / member
* Technical
* Incident Commander
* Hazardous

p XV

74

The Safety Officer should evaluate visible _______ and _____ conditions and advise the IC, Divison/Group Supervisor, or company officers of the potential for flashover, backdraft or other fire event that could pose a threat to operation teams.

smoke and fire

p XV / XVI

75

If additional assistance is needed, the safety officer should request through the IC assignment of an ?

Assistant Safety Officer

p XVI

76

Responder accountability is just as important at a ________ and _____-_________ incident situation.

medical and mass-casualty

p XVI

77

Whatever the design, the accountability system must be able to identify the location of every responder within a ?

small geographic hazard zone at any moment in time

p XVI

78

Common elements of an accountability system for any incident:
* ___________ use by all personnel on scene
* Means to identify and document the ______ and ______ of responders into the hazard zone.
* The assignment of the monitoring of the accountability function to an on scene member, starting with the arrival of the _______ ___________.

* Mandatory
* entry and exit
* first company

p XVII

79

Common elements of an accountability system:
* Identified __________ for required roll calls (Personnel Accountability Reports) throughout an incident.
* Define plans describing the response to reports of _______, ______, or ________ responders.
* Use of _______ ___________ _______
* Use of ________ _______ _________ ________ devices

* benchmarks
* injured, lost, or missing
* Rapid Intervention Crews/Companies (RICs)
* Personal Alert Safety System (PASS)

p XVII

80

Which NFPA standard requires that an emergency service agency communication system shall provide a standard method to give priority to the transmission of emergency messages and notifications of imminent hazards to all levels of the Incident Command structure over that of routine radio communications?

NFPA 1561, Standard on Emergency Service Incident Management System

p XVII

81

Examples of emergency conditions that could warrant emergency radio traffic include:
* __________ down
* Responder _________
* Responder _________
* Officer ______

* Responder down
* Responder missing
* Responder trapped
* Officer shot

p XVII

82

Conditions that warrant emergency radio traffic include:
* Need to immediately _________ the building or area.
* Adverse ______ _______ causing smoke or hazardous materials threat to responders
* Discovery of new dangers such as a hazardous material, __________ ________ or unseen hazard.
* Change from an ___________ to ___________ mode of operations.

* evacuate
* wind shift
* secondary device
* offensive to defensive

p XVIII

83

Which NFPA standard requires an "All Clear Resume Radio Traffic" to clear emergency traffic?

NFPA 1500

p XVIII

84

A par should be conducted whenever an ___________ order has been given to provide a systematic method to confirm that all personnel operating in a crew, company, or Division/Group are accounted fo.

evacuation

p XVIII

85

Which NFPA standard requires that an emergency service agency communication system shall provide a standard method to give priority to the transmission of emergency messages and notifications of imminent hazards to all levels of the Incident Command structure over that of routine radio communications?

NFPA 1561, Standard on Emergency Service Incident Management System

p XVII

86

Examples of emergency conditions that could warrant emergency radio traffic include:
* __________ down
* Responder _________
* Responder _________
* Officer ______

* Responder down
* Responder missing
* Responder trapped
* Officer shot

p XVII

87

Conditions that warrant emergency radio traffic include:
* Need to immediately _________ the building or area.
* Adverse ______ _______ causing smoke or hazardous materials threat to responders
* Discovery of new dangers such as a hazardous material, __________ ________ or unseen hazard.
* Change from an ___________ to ___________ mode of operations.

* evacuate
* wind shift
* secondary device
* offensive to defensive

p XVIII

88

Which NFPA standard requires an "All Clear Resume Radio Traffic" to clear emergency traffic?

NFPA 1500

p XVIII

89

A par should be conducted whenever an ___________ order has been given to provide a systematic method to confirm that all personnel operating in a crew, company, or Division/Group are accounted fo.

evacuation

p XVIII

90

Agencies need to develop a system relayed from their communications center for time sensitive incidents that provide the IC with elapsed time on scene in _____ minutes intervals.

15 minute

p XVIII

91

A RIC is comprised of a minimum of _____ responders who are ________ and __________ to perform the actions necessary to affect the rescue of other emergency workers.

two / attired and equipped

p XVIII

92

Typically RICs are not assigned to _________ or __________ fire incidents.

medical or wildland

p XIX

93

The purpose of responder ____________ or _______, is to evaluate and assist personnel who may be suffering the effects of sustained physical exertion during emergency operations.

rehabilitation or rehab

p XX

94

What are some critical components a rehab operation should include?

Nourishment, Rest, Recovery, Medical evaluation and treatment, Accountability

p XXI

95

Certain incidents, including mass casualty, those involving serious injury or death of a responder, or close community relationship to the victims warrant an automatic?

Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM) response

p XXI

96

An IC has no greater responsibility at any emergency scene than seeing to the ?

Safety and well being of emergency personnel

p XXI

97

Elements critical to personnel safety:
* Appointment of a ________ ________
* Implementation of an ________ ___________ ________
* Established procedures for broadcasting ____________ radio traffic
* Standby and deployment of ________ ___________ ______/__________
* Establishment of Medical Unit / Responder _______________

* Safety Officer
* Incident Accountability System
* emergency
* Rapid Intervention Crews / Companies
* Rehabilitation

p XXI

98

During a multi-casualty incident, special procedures must be implemented to deal with large scale _________, _________, and ____________ exposure concerns.

biological, chemical and radiological

p XXII

99

Turning down an assignment is one possible outcome of _________ _______.

managing risk

p XXII

100

A situation where an individual has determined that they cannot undertake an assignment as given and is unable to negotiate an alternative solution is called?

A turndown

p XXIII

101

Individuals may turndown an assignment as unsafe when the following occur:
* There is a violation of ______ ______ practices
* ____________ conditions make the work unsafe
* They lack the necessary __________ or ___________
* __________ equipment is being used

* safe work
* Environmental
* qualifications or experience
* defective

p XXIII

102

Common Denominations of Fire Behavior on Tragedy Fires:
* Most incidents happen on the ________ fires or on _________ portions of larger fires.
* Most fires are innocent in appearance before the "______-____" or _________. In some cases, tragedies occur in the mop-up stage.
* Flare-ups generally occur in deceptively lights ______.
* Fires run uphill surprisingly fast in _________, in ________ and on _______ _______.
* Some suppression tools, such as ___________ or _____ _________, can adversely affect fire behavior.

* smaller / isolated
* flare-ups / blowups
* fuels
* chimneys / gullies / steep slopes
* helicopters / air tankers

p XXIV

103

It is critical that all members on scene routinely take a moment to _____ ___, _____ _____, and ______ ________ for indicators that might suggest an analysis of their current location and operation.

look up, look down and look around

p XXVII

104

Fight the fire from the __________ to the __________ whenever possible.

uninvolved to involved

p XXVII

105

Communications amount members operating at incidents is best when accomplished ______ to ______.

face to face

p XXVII

106

Often the only life hazard present at an incident is the lives of the ___________.

responders

p XXVIII

107

A _______ _______ should be set up to further highlight the doorway at the earliest convenience to help illuminate an escape route.

Quartz light

p XXVIII

108

_________ and ____________ should provoke caution before initiating any operations that would require members to work or walk under either of these structural components.

Facades and mezzanines

p XXIX

109

A _______ ______ or ______ ________ area is one that does not require any protection, such as SCBAs or hose lines, for survival.

safety zone or safe refuge

p XXIX

110

At a structure fire the safety zone will typically be where?

The exterior

p XXIX

111

A safety zone at a multi-story incident may be where?

two floors below the fire

p XXIX

112

The safety zone must be large enough to?

hold all the members working in the area

p XXIX

113

The safety zone must be close enough to be reached in a _______ ________ should conditions rapidly deteriorate.

timely manner

p XXIX

114

Full protective equipment is not a recommendation it is a ____________.

requirement

p XXIX

115

Interior Firefighting "Watch Outs"
* You have a working fire, and your _______ will be delayed.

entry

p XXX

116

Interior Firefighting "Watch Outs"
* Multiple companies have been assigned to enter through _____ _______.
* ______ division is being driven off as you prepare to go inside.
* Air is being drawn in rapidly in ______ visibility and the heat is ________ ______.

* one entry
* roof
* zero / banking down

p XXX

117

Interior Firefighting "Watch Outs"
* You can hear the fire burning above you but can't _____ ___.
* You realize you are working underneath a __________.
* Keep in mind that it would be unusual to find a mezzanine inside a _________ ______ doorway.

* see it
* mezzanine
* rolling steel

p XXX

118

Interior Firefighting "Watch Outs"
* You feel ___________. Listen to your _________ they are generally correct.
* Your ______ alarm bell sounds and you still haven't found the fire.
* You _____ ________ for several minutes and make no progress.

* uncomfortable / instincts
* SCBA
* flow water

p XXXI

119

Interior Firefighting "Watch Outs"
* You hear the sound of ______ ____________ being conducted behind you.
* You are unable to ___________ with the IC or your Division or Group Supervisor.
* You are working with ____________ members.

* roof ventilation
* communicate
* unfamiliar

p XXXI

120

As FDs develop SOPs, they need to increase the emphasis on ______ vs. ______ and to implement procedures that will _______ risk to responders when conducting firefighting operations.

risk vs. gain / reduce

p XXXIII

121

It is the opinion of the NIMS Consortium that the hazards responders are subject to could be reduced if FDs implemented the following guidelines:
* Conduct routine training exercises on implementing the ________ ________ ________.
* Implement and use the Incident Command System on all __________.
* Ensure that appropriate ________ and ________ (risk vs. gain) are being implemented at incidents that reduce risk to members.
* Follow NFPA _______.
* Have a strict policy regarding the need to implement stand-by ________ ___________ _______ at escalating incidents.

* Incident Command System
* incidents
* strategy and tactics
* 1500
* Rapid Intervention Crews/Companies

p XXXIII

122

Incident scene accountability:

The system must be:
* Capable of determining when a responder is ______ returning from an assignment or is __________.
* Capable of mounting an immediate _________ effort
* Fully integrated into the __________ __________ __________

* late / missing
* rescue
* Incident Command System

p XVII

123

More than one RIC may be required for large scale or complex operations. In these situations, the RIC terminology may be modified to "__________ _____________ _________"

"Rapid Intervention Group"

p XIX