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Pathology (m) > Breast > Flashcards

Flashcards in Breast Deck (19):
1

What are the boundaries of the breast...

Mid line sternum - mid line axilla
2nd rib - 6th rib

2

Clinical presentation of breast disease...

Pain
Palpable mass
Nipple discharge
Mammographic abnormality

3

Define fibrocystic disease...

Lumpiness in one or usually both breasts

4

Symptoms of fibrocystic disease are...

Pain/tenderness in breasts
Hormone related changes
Calcification

5

What can cause fat necrosis...
*fat necrosis often mistaken for cancer*

Trauma to breast

6

What kind of condition is mastitis...

Inflammatory condition

7

Symptoms of mastitis are...
(No amount of pain killer will help this it needs to be aspirated)

Red, tender and warm

8

Name the triple assessment used for diagnosis...

Clinical impression
Radiology
Cytology/histology
(mainly in this order)

9

Define papilloma...

Growth in the ducts

10

Symptoms of papilloma...

Bleeding nipple and discharge

11

Define fibroadenoma...

a tumour formed of mixed fibrous and glandular tissue, typically occurring as a benign growth in the breast.

12

What are the 2 types of risk for breast cancer...

Modifiable (smoking)
Non-modifiable (gender)

13

What is early menache?

Early periods

14

Name the clinical presentations of breast cancer...

Lump
Skin dimpling
Changer in skin colour or texture
Change in how the nipple looks
Clear or bloody fluid that leaks out of the nipple

15

CIS means what?

Carcinoma in situ

16

What does ductal carcinoma mean?

Abnormality of milk ducts

17

Name the 3 treatments for breast cancer...

Surgery +/- lymph node dissection
Chemo/radiotherapy
Hormone therapy e.g. tamoxifen/herceptin

18

Name the different types of surgery...

Lumpectomy
Wide local excision
Mastectomy
Sentinel lymph node

19

What does pagets disease affect?

The skin of the nipple