Flashcards in Breast Disease Deck (25)
Important questions on family history for breast cancer
Male breast cancer
materal vs. paternal
bilateral breast cancer?
other cancers that matter?
Familial gastric cancer
what race/population more at risk of breast cancer?
Eastern Europe Jewish population ashkenazi
why is breast cancer less risk with breast tissue?
exposure to estrogen and pregnant makes breast tissue more differentiated, less likely to be become malignant
2 physiological conditions that cause more estrogen.
2 conclusions at end of examination
not sure if malignant
breast screening ages in Australia?
50-75 mammography every 2 years
Investigations for a 37 year old, and found a lump?
likely dx for a young female who finds a lump
area of fibrocystic changes
aspirating a cyst, dangerous when fluid is?
if cyst fluid is bloody
types of biopsy?
'liquid' (not available yet)
breast cancer metastasize most common place first?
bone scans for staging for breast cancer?
usually not if they are asymptomatic
5 treatments for breast cancer?
endocrine therapies (selective estrogen antagonists)
why mastectomy if someone is BRCA carrier?
risk of a new primary
don't want to irradiate if what condition?
why won't you irradiate someone?
if they've had radiation before in the area
role of axillary surgery?
1.to biopsy it and prognosis
2. guiding management
3. prevent spread (local control)
4. treat spread
sentinel node hypthesis
that drainage of a certain area must go through this node
more info for breast cancer after excision?
if over 35, and planning to have a family? what will be problems?
fertility: hemo, rad, herceptin will affect
Ovum and embryo stored
chemo do what to ovaries?
if wants preg and still on therapy?
need hiatus in endocrine treatment, usually 5-10 years
Best lifestyle things to prevent reoccurrence?
exercise and no smoking