Flashcards in COPD Deck (27)
S. Typhi vaccine protected against?
S. Typhi, NOT S. paratyphi
main cause of COPD?
group of disorders causing airway inflam, airflow limitation, not reversible
4 classic features of COPD?
reduced breath sounds
COPD inflammation causes 2 kinds of damage:
small airways disease
why do you get parenchymal destruction in COPD?
why do you get hypoxia in COPD?
lose alveolar surface area: increased pulmonary vascular pressures
how do you get emphysema with COPD?
protease destruction of alveolar wall proteins
what is a bullae?
large emphyseamatous cavity in lung, not functional
what is alpha-1 antitrypsin do?
mops up elastase in the lung normally
how to calculate the FER?
FER airflow obstruction cutoff number?
what lung structure does asthma NOT affect?
fibrosis in asthma?
astham affects which airways?
all of them large and small
COPD affects which airways?
mucus hypersecretion more in COPD or Asthma?
gold classification for stage 1-4 and FEV1% are what?
what is varenicline for?
what is tiotropium?
when do you use corticosteroids for COPD?
severe FEV1<50% COPD
what 2 things not to forget to ask in OSCE?
Mood and psychosocial/anxiety
2 vaccines you should always get if you have COPD?
O2 and COPD improves what?
mortality, not morbidity
how would surgery help in COPD?
what is 3 COPD exacerbation anthonisen criteria? how treat if present?
more discoloured sputum
treat with Antibiotics