Intro to Infectious Disease Flashcards Preview

Jason's MD2 Core Conditions > Intro to Infectious Disease > Flashcards

Flashcards in Intro to Infectious Disease Deck (32)
0

10 principles of Infectious Disease: true rigours means?

serious illness until proven otherwise = admit them

1

no fever = no infection?

not necessarily

2

clinical signs and different age groups?

much variation:
infants: excessively prominent
adolescents: signs confusing
adults: affected by comorbidities
elderly: signs blunted

3

fevers change throughout day?

Yes. Diurinal
worse at night

4

what does 'know thine enemy' mean in 10 principles of Infectious Disease?

appropriate cultures before starting empirical

5

bacteraemia from staph aureus can lead to?

endocarditis, osteomyelitis

6

when else besides bacteraemia is staph aureus infection serious?

in urine

7

2 reasons why patient isn't getting better on antibiotics?

undrained focus
may not be bacterial

8

usually need 2nd course of Abx?

rarely

9

febrile traveller from an endemic region must be cleared of?

malaria

10

what is most common bacterial infection in immunocompromised? how does it look on CXR?

pneumocystis: ground glass

11

3 tier approach to Infectious Disease?

1. problem solving of clinical syndrome
2. management of infection of various organ systems
3. specific infection/pathogens

12

important question for Infectious Disease history?

when were you last well?

13

what causes rapid and severe onset of fever and rigors usually?

Strep A

14

what bacteria usually cause +++myalgia?

coccals

15

what kind of bugs if you have myeloma?

encapsulated

16

what kind of bugs if you have lymphocyte dysfunction?

intracellular or slow growing pathogens

17

2 big predisposing events for infection?

Recent Sx or trauma
new medications

18

if person is in rural areas you should consider what infections?

zoonotic

19

example of diseases that could mask signs of severity in infection?

diabetes
corticosteroid use

20

what is ceftriaxone?

3rd gen cephalosporins for most gram negs

21

what is cephalexin/cephalothin/cefazolin?

1st gen cephalosporins: for most gram +ve

22

name a carbapenem?

meropenem

23

what class are norfloxacin, ciprofloxacin, moxifloxacin part of? used for what?

quinolones: for Gram -ve

24

name 3 macrolides:

roxythromycin
clarithromycin
azithromycin

25

treat legionella with?

azithromycin

26

name 2 glycopeptide antibiotics?

vancomycin
teicoplanin

27

what kind of drug is trimethpim?

sulphonamide

28

name a tetracycline

doxycycline

29

what 2 bugs usually causes rheumatic fever?

strep viridans
strep pyogenes (group A,B-haemolytic strep)

30

what bacteria from raw ground beef usually?

campylobacter

31

what bugs into foot ulcers usually?

pseudomonas