Flashcards in Intro to Infectious Disease Deck (32)
10 principles of Infectious Disease: true rigours means?
serious illness until proven otherwise = admit them
no fever = no infection?
clinical signs and different age groups?
infants: excessively prominent
adolescents: signs confusing
adults: affected by comorbidities
elderly: signs blunted
fevers change throughout day?
worse at night
what does 'know thine enemy' mean in 10 principles of Infectious Disease?
appropriate cultures before starting empirical
bacteraemia from staph aureus can lead to?
when else besides bacteraemia is staph aureus infection serious?
2 reasons why patient isn't getting better on antibiotics?
may not be bacterial
usually need 2nd course of Abx?
febrile traveller from an endemic region must be cleared of?
what is most common bacterial infection in immunocompromised? how does it look on CXR?
pneumocystis: ground glass
3 tier approach to Infectious Disease?
1. problem solving of clinical syndrome
2. management of infection of various organ systems
3. specific infection/pathogens
important question for Infectious Disease history?
when were you last well?
what causes rapid and severe onset of fever and rigors usually?
what bacteria usually cause +++myalgia?
what kind of bugs if you have myeloma?
what kind of bugs if you have lymphocyte dysfunction?
intracellular or slow growing pathogens
2 big predisposing events for infection?
Recent Sx or trauma
if person is in rural areas you should consider what infections?
example of diseases that could mask signs of severity in infection?
what is ceftriaxone?
3rd gen cephalosporins for most gram negs
what is cephalexin/cephalothin/cefazolin?
1st gen cephalosporins: for most gram +ve
name a carbapenem?
what class are norfloxacin, ciprofloxacin, moxifloxacin part of? used for what?
quinolones: for Gram -ve
name 3 macrolides:
treat legionella with?
name 2 glycopeptide antibiotics?
what kind of drug is trimethpim?
name a tetracycline
what 2 bugs usually causes rheumatic fever?
strep pyogenes (group A,B-haemolytic strep)
what bacteria from raw ground beef usually?