Vomiting Flashcards Preview

Jason's MD2 Core Conditions > Vomiting > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vomiting Deck (14)
1

When you vomit against closed glottis you risk?

Boerhaave's tear, tear the esophagus

2

thick and brown vomit suggestive of?

obstruction distal GI-ish area

3

how much fluid does stomach make every day?

around 3 litres per day

4

why vomiting cause hypokalaemia?

get metabolic alkalosis, potassium lost in kidneys when the H+/K+ pump work hard

5

pseudo-obstruction symptoms?

non-mechanical
distended
classically recent surgery
opioids, nursing home, immobility

6

demographics for volvulus in australia?

older nursing home residents

7

Causes of small bowel obstruction?
Lumen-Wall-outside bowel

lymphomas
hernias
strictures

8

what does low albumin usually mean?

negative phase reaction from inflammation

9

management for bowel obstruction?

relieve obstruction
clear necrotic tissue
find cause (eg. cancer)

10

fitness for surgery ask one thing?

functional status

11

large amount of vomiting likely cause?

mechanical obstruction

12

lynch syndrome increases risk of which cancers?

endometrial
ovarian
duodenal

13

Fecal occult blood sensitivity?

30%

14

what kind of polyps in rectum?

hyperplastic polyps: no malignant potential