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Flashcards in BRS-Behavioral Deck (73)
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1

Four domains of development

Motor
Language
Psychosocial
Problem Solving

2

Developmental quotient equation + normal value

developmental age/ chronological age x 100
normal = 85+

3

Infants with CNS injury have stronger _____ but delayed _____

primitive reflexes; postural reactions

4

Birth:
gross motor
fine motor
language

abilities

turns head
fists hands
attenuates to voice

5

When is moro reflex present? hand grasp? rooting?

all start at birth
moro: to 4 months
hand grasp: to 1-3 months
rooting: to 6 months

6

When is atonic neck reflex present?

2-4 weeks --> 6 months

7

3-4
4-5
6-7
fine motor milestones

3-4: hands to midline
4-5: reaches
6-7 transfers object

8

9, 12 month fine motor milestones

immature, mature pincer

9

mature vs immature pincer

thumb and finger vs finger TIP

10

When should hand dominance be present?

18 months

11

Which developmental domain is most commonly delayed and is also the best predictor of intelligence

language

12

Optimal language acquisition occurs during

first two years of life

13

3,6,9 month speech abilities

3- cooing (vowels)
6- babbling (vowels + consonants)
9- jargoning

14

12,18 month words

12: 1-3
18: 20-50 + 2 word phrases

15

2,3 year language milestones

2 word --> 3 word sentences
half understood --> 75% understood

16

What are the three speech development phases

prespeech: 0-10
naming 10-18
word combination 18-24

17

When is the sensorimotor period of cognitive development?

birth to two

18

When does functional play begin?

1 year

19

When does imaginative play begin?

24-30 months

20

When are concrete and abstract thinking present?

concrete- elementary
abstract- adolescent

21

When is magical thinking seen?

preschool, toddler years

22

Cause of language + problem solving delay

retardation

23

Cause of language delay

hearing vs communication disorder

24

Cause of isolated problem solving delay

fine motor vs visual impairment

25

Discrepencies between what two domains put child at risk of learning disorder?

language and problem solving

26

When does sense of "self" appear

15 months

27

When does parallel play occur? when does sharing emerge?

2- parallel
3- sharing

28

Maternal risk factors for CP (2)

multiple gestation
PTL

29

Prenatal risk factors for CP (3)

IUGR
malformations
infection

30

Perinatal risk factors for CP (3)

prolonged/ traumatic delivery
low Apgars
early or late delivery