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Flashcards in Mega Review Deck (153)
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1

Apgar scores- classify scores 0-9

0-4: poor
5-7: fair
8-10: good

2

What is a +2 rating for pulse? grimace?

pulse: 100+
grimace: cough +2; grimace +1

3

Hemangioma in baby is what type?

strawberry, capillary

4

What hemangioma type causes stridor?

supraglottic

5

Buzzword for mongolian spot

"sharply demarcated"

6

Oval bald spot on infant is called?

nevus sebaceous
remove in adolescence, risk malignancy

7

"Milk bumps" on nose are termed?

milia

8

Nerve roots effected by Erbs? Klumpkes?

Erbs: C5-6
Klumpkes: C8, T1

9

Which brachial plexus injury is assc with phrenic palsy?

Erbs (C4)

10

Which brachial plexus injury is assc with Horners?

Klumpkes

11

First test in respiratory distress

CXR

12

"Big three" conditions screened for in newborns

CHT, PKU, galactosemia

13

Galactosemia + PKU inheritance patterns

AR

14

Cutaneous findings assc with PKU

fair hair and skin + blue eyes

15

Galactosemia findings

-jaundice
-hypoglycemia
-cataracts

16

Two physical exam findings assc with CHT

umbilical hernia
large fontanel

17

Preterm baby with resp difficulty=
Term=

Preterm- RDS
Term- TTN

18

Meconium aspiration causes _____

chemical pneumonitis

19

In addition to lung related causes of RD, what other systems may be involved?

intracranial process
metabolic disease
cardiac disease

20

In addition to C/S, what puts baby at risk of TTN?

rapid descent

21

Cephalohematoma= blood in what area?

subperiosteal, doesnt cross sutures

22

When should fontanels close?

anterior: 9-18 months
posterior: 4-5 months

23

Lens opacity on PE=

cataracts

24

What is the CHARGE assc?

Coloboma
Heart Defects
Atresia, choanal
Renal Defect
GU
Ear Deformity

25

Gastroschisis vs Omphalocele:
which is midline?

omhalocele= midline
gastro= lateral

26

First two tests in case of ambiguous genitalia

17 OH prog
Karyotype

27

When does umbilical hernia spontaneously close?

5 years

28

When does physiologic jaundice peak and resolve?

peak-3 days
resolve- 1 week

29

Values assc with physiologic jaundice

less than 13/2

30

Differential diagnosis of direct hyperbili

TORCH
biliary atresia
hepatitis