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Flashcards in Uworld + NBME Deck (313)
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1

Type 1,2,4 RTA:
Describe urine pH

1: distal, above 5.5
2: proximal, below 5.5
4: below 5.5

2

Which of the RTA's is associated with high potassium?

Type 4

3

Causes of Type 1,2,4 RTA

1: poor H+ secretion
2: poor bicarb resorption
3: aldo resistance

(1= H+1, 2= BI)

4

What syndrome is most commonly associated with Type 2/ proximal RTA

Fanconis Anemia

5

What disorders may be associated with RTA 1?

Autoimmune: Sjogrens, Rheumatoid

6

Most common presentation RTA

-FTT
-low bicarb/ normal anion gap acidosis

7

Sun screen guidelines:

SPF 15-30 or higher
apply 30 mins before exposure
reapply every 2 hours

8

Diagnosis associated with:
-recurrent sinopulmonary infection
-absent lymph tissue
-low immunoglobulins

Brutons Agammaglobulinemia

9

Pnuemocystis pneumonia in a baby is suggestive of

HIV infection

10

Diagnosis associated with:
-profound lymphopenia
-recurrent infection
-failure to thrive

ADA deficiency (SCID)

11

Recurrent severe infection with staph, serratia, aspergillus is assc with with condition?

Chronic granulomatous disease
(impaired phagocytosis)

12

Niemann Pick vs Tay Sachs enzyme deficiencies :
+ inheritance pattern, age of onset

-Niemann Pick: sphingomyelinase
-Tay Sachs: hexosaminadase

both are AR, onset at 2-6 months

13

Symptoms assc with both tay sachs and neimann pick

-hypotonia
-failure to thrive
-cherry red macula

14

How are neimann pick and tay sachs distginuished?

-tay sachs: no HSM, hyperreflexia
-neimann pick: HSM, areflexia

15

On imaging, where are trachea and esophagus located?

-front: trachea
-behind: esophagus
(on lateral view)

16

C1 inhibitor deficiency is assc with what condition?

Hereditary angioedema

17

Gold standard for diagnosis of muscular dystrophy

genetic testing, not muscular biopsy.

18

Do health departments track vaccine refusal?

no

19

Cause of strokes in kiddos

Sickle Cell Anemia

20

Condition most commonly predisposing to orbital cellulitis

bacterial sinusitis

21

DOC for px in cat bites?
Most common bacteria assc?

-amox/clauvulanate
-pasteurella multocida (anaerobe)

22

Diagnosis assc with:
hematemesis
hypotensive shock
anion gab acidosis
gastric scarring
radiopaque substances in abdomen

iron poisoning

23

Treatment for iron to

deferoxamine

24

Tinnitus
fever
tachypnea
acidosis

cause

aspirin tox

25

Whole body convulsions + umbilical stump infection:
diagnsosis

tetanus

26

Dihydrorhadamine + nitroblue tetrazolium tests are used to diagnose what condition?

CGD

27

Treatment for cat scratch disease

azithro

28

Contrast TB and CSD adenitis

TB adenitis is nontender

29

Bacteria in dog/ cat mouths causing cellulitis

p. multocida

30

What animals carry salmonella?
What is the presentation of salmonella?

reptiles/ turtles
enteritis/mesenteric adenitis