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JL Reproduction and Sexual Health > Buzzwords > Flashcards

Flashcards in Buzzwords Deck (25):
1

USS Snowstorm appearance, described as "frogspawn" when expelled?

Hydatidiform mole

2

Antepartum haemorrhage in patient with Succenturate lobe or Velamentous Insertion?

Vasa Praevia

3

Maternal blood + no fetal distress?

Placenta previa MUST EXCLUDE BEFORE VAGINAL EXAM in ante-partum haemorrhage

4

Fetal blood + sudden fetal distress

vasa previa

5

Placenta accreta "doughy abdomen"

Insertion into myometrium post endometrial ablation --> C-section +/- hysterectomy. Always give contraception

6

Fetal distress and loss of engagement, previous C-section or surgery ->

Uterine rupture

7

PPH followed by pituitary failure

Sheehans syndrome

8

Strawberry cervix

Trichomonas vaginalis

9

Clue cells, high vaginal pH > 4.5

Bacterial vaginosis

10

Prolapse + back pain

Uterine prolapse

11

Large tense uterus 'woody abdomen', bleeding and pain

Placental abruption

12

Dysmenorrhoea
Menorrhagia
Enlarged, boddy uterus

Adenomyosis

13

risk factors for the cancer include: obesity, nulliparity, early menarche, late menopause, unopposed oestrogen, DM, tamoxifen and PCOS?

Endometrial cancer - classic symptom is post-menopausal bleeding

14

what is goldstandard investigation for endometriosis?

Laparoscopy

15

bleeding in first or early second trimester
exaggerated symptoms of pregnancy e.g. hyperemesis
uterus large for dates
very high serum levels of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)
hypertension and hyperthyroidism* may be seen

complete mole - empty egg is fertilised by sperm that has duplicated DNA so 46

16

fetal parts may be seen in this mole?

Partial

17

ascites and pleural effusion, and fibroma

Meigs syndrome

18

structures within broad ligament

Ovaries
Fallopian tubes
Round lifamenbt

19

placenta accreta is attachment of placenta to myometrium, risk of post partum haemorrhage. What are risk factors?

Previous CS
Placenta praevia

20

Placenta praevia is placenta lying in lower uterine segment

Shock
No pain
Uterus not tender
Small bleeds before large

21

separate from the body of the testicle
found posterior to the testicle

epididymal cyst

22

soft, non-tender swelling of the hemi-scrotum. Usually anterior to and below the testicle
the swelling is confined to the scrotum, you can get 'above' the mass on examination
transilluminates with a pen torch
the testis may be difficult to palpate if the hydrocele is large

hydrocele

23

classically described as a 'bag of worms'
subfertility

varicocele

24

blue pill (viagra/sildenafil) causes blue discolouration of vision

phosphodiesterase type V inhibitor used for impotence

25

Chest x-ray characteristically shows 'ground-glass' appearance with an indistinct heart border

surfactant deficient lung disease also known as respiratory distress syndrome