Week 3 part 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 3 part 1 Deck (100)
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1

What insicion is used for lower segment caesarean section, laparotomy, abdo and vaginal hysterectomy and laparoscopy?

Common Surgical Incision (O&G)

2

Muscle layers of abdomen from outer to inner?

External oblique
Internal oblique
Transversus abdominus

3

What muscles attach between lower ribs and iliac crest, pubvic tubercle and linea alba?

External obliques

4

What is linea alba?

Midline blending of aponeuroses

5

What do fibres of external intercostals run in same direction as?

External obliques (

6

What do internal obliques attach between?

LOwer ribs, thoracolumbar fascia, iliac crest and linea alba

7

What is made up of the combined aponeuroses of anterolateral abdominal wall musclers and lies immediately deep to superficial fascia?

Rectus sheath

8

Nerve between transversus abdominus and internal oblique?

Ilioinguinal nerve

9

What do 7th to 11th intercostal nerves become?

Thoracoabdominal nerves

10

T12 nerve>?

Subcostal

11

L1 nerves?

Iliohypogastric and ilioinguinal

12

What arteries supply anterior abdominal wall?

Superior and ingerior epigastric arteries

13

continuation of internal thoracic
emerges at superior aspect of abdominal wall
lies posterior to rectus abdominis

Superior epigastric arteries

14

branch of the external iliac artery
emerges at inferior aspect of abdominal wall
lies posterior to rectus abdominis

Inferior epigastric arteries

15

What supplies lateral abdominal wall muscles?

Intercostal and subcostal arteries
Continuations of posterior intercostal arteries
Emerge at lateral aspect

16

In a lower section caesarian section what way are rectus muscles moved apart? They are not cut.

Lateral direction toward nerve supply

17

What layers are seen when opening laparotomy?

Skin and fascia
Linea alba
Peritoneum

18

In a laparoscopy - if a lateral port is required care must be taken to avoid what artery?

Inferior epigastric artery

19

What artery emerges just medial to deep inguinal ring (located halfway between ASIS and pubic tubercle)?

Inferior epigastric artery - branch of external iliac artery

20

From 20 weeks how often will pregnant women be seen/

At 4 week intervals

21

From 30 weeks how often will pregnant women be seen?

At 2 week intervals

22

At 28 weeks if rhesus negative what will be offered?

Anti D

23

In pregnancy: at 12 weeks what is offered?

FBC, antibodies, glucose, syphilis, rubella

24

In pregnancy: at 16 weeks what is done?

Triple test or alpha feto protein

25

When is first ultrasound down in pregnancy?

At 18 weeks

26

At 12 weeks gestation what will the uterus be at the level of?

Pubic symphisis

27

At 20 weeks gestation where will the uterus almost reach?

The umbilicus

28

At 28 weeks where will the uterus almost have reached?

Xiphisternum

29

In pregnancy when is booking scan performed?

Around 6 to 7 weeks

30

In embyonoc period how does the embryo receive nutrition?

From yolk sac via vitelline duct