Flashcards in Week 1 Deck (90)
What does pelvic girdle not include?
What is each hip bone a fusion between?
What muscle attaches to iliac fossa?
What is part of both ischium and pubis?
What part of ischium to yo sit on?
What attaches at pubic tubercle?
What type of joint is pubic symphysis?
What does the inguinal ligament attach between?
ASIS and pubic tubercle
On vaginal examination what can be felt at 4 and 8 o clock positions?
What ligament attaches between sacrum and iscjhial spine?
What does sacrotuberous ligament attach to?
Sacrum and ischial tuberosity
What ligaments ensure the inferior part of sacrum is not pushed superiorly when weight is suddenly transferred vertically through the vertebral column (jumping/late pregnancy)?
At what point in pregnancy do sacrospinous and sacrotuberous ligaments relax?
What do the sacrospinous ligament and sacrotuberous ligament form?
Lesser and greater sciatic foramen
What is a straddle injury?
Fracture of all four pubic rami
What is at risk of damage in trauma to bony pelvis?
Common iliac artery + common iliac vein
What diamteres of the female pelvis are larger than the males both at pelvic inlet and outlet?
Is the subpubic angle or pubic arch in female wider than male?
What can be said about the pelvic cavity in a female?
What is the vertex (fetal skul0?
Area of foetal skull: oiutlined by anterior and posterior fontanelles and the parietal eminences
What is longer - occipitofrontal diamter or biparietal diamter in foetal skull?
Occipitofrontal - foetal head longer than it is wide
At the pelvic inlet what diamter is wider- AP or transverse?
Transverse - foetus enters pelvic cavity facing either right or left
What is the distance of the foetal head from ichial spine referred to as?
Station - negative number means head is superor to spines, positive number means head is inferior
When descending through the pelvic cavity what should be said about foetal head?
At the pelvic outlet the AP diamter is wider than transverse diameter so baby should ideally leave cavity in what position?
Occipitoanterior OA position and head in extension
What is the term for any treatment in which involves gametes outside the body?
Assisted conception treatment ACT
What is the biggest cause of infertility?
What is the alcohol limit for treatment ACT?
limit up to 4 units a week
What blood borne viruses are screened for in ACT?