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Flashcards in Week 1 Deck (90)
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1

What does pelvic girdle not include?

Coccyx

2

What is each hip bone a fusion between?

1. Ilium
2. Ischium
3. Pubis

3

What muscle attaches to iliac fossa?

Iliacus

4

What is part of both ischium and pubis?

Ischiopubic ramus

5

What part of ischium to yo sit on?

Ischial tuberosity

6

What attaches at pubic tubercle?

Inguinal ligament

7

What type of joint is pubic symphysis?

Secondary Cartilaginous

8

What does the inguinal ligament attach between?

ASIS and pubic tubercle

9

On vaginal examination what can be felt at 4 and 8 o clock positions?

Ischial spines

10

What ligament attaches between sacrum and iscjhial spine?

Sacrospinous ligament

11

What does sacrotuberous ligament attach to?

Sacrum and ischial tuberosity

12

What ligaments ensure the inferior part of sacrum is not pushed superiorly when weight is suddenly transferred vertically through the vertebral column (jumping/late pregnancy)?

Sacrotuberous ligament
Sacrospinous ligament

13

At what point in pregnancy do sacrospinous and sacrotuberous ligaments relax?

Later pregnancy

14

What do the sacrospinous ligament and sacrotuberous ligament form?

Lesser and greater sciatic foramen

15

What is a straddle injury?

Fracture of all four pubic rami

16

What is at risk of damage in trauma to bony pelvis?

Common iliac artery + common iliac vein

17

What diamteres of the female pelvis are larger than the males both at pelvic inlet and outlet?

AP
Transverse diamters

18

Is the subpubic angle or pubic arch in female wider than male?

Yes

19

What can be said about the pelvic cavity in a female?

Shallower

20

What is the vertex (fetal skul0?

Area of foetal skull: oiutlined by anterior and posterior fontanelles and the parietal eminences

21

What is longer - occipitofrontal diamter or biparietal diamter in foetal skull?

Occipitofrontal - foetal head longer than it is wide

22

At the pelvic inlet what diamter is wider- AP or transverse?

Transverse - foetus enters pelvic cavity facing either right or left

23

What is the distance of the foetal head from ichial spine referred to as?

Station - negative number means head is superor to spines, positive number means head is inferior

24

When descending through the pelvic cavity what should be said about foetal head?

Rotate
Flexed position

25

At the pelvic outlet the AP diamter is wider than transverse diameter so baby should ideally leave cavity in what position?

Occipitoanterior OA position and head in extension

26

What is the term for any treatment in which involves gametes outside the body?

Assisted conception treatment ACT

27

What is the biggest cause of infertility?

Male factor

28

What is the alcohol limit for treatment ACT?

limit up to 4 units a week

29

What blood borne viruses are screened for in ACT?

Hep B/C
HIV

30

How do you assess ovarian reserve?

Antral follicle count or AMH