C13 Energy from Food Flashcards Preview

Biol 3310 > C13 Energy from Food > Flashcards

Flashcards in C13 Energy from Food Deck (25):
1

First 4 glycolysis enzymes

hexokinase, PGI, PFK, aldolase

2

enzyme that isomerizes dihydroxy acetone to g3p

triose phosphate isomerase

3

enzymes after g3p formation

gp dehydrogenase, phosphoglycerate kinase, phosphoglycerate mutase, enolase, pyruvate kinase

4

compounds leading to G3P in glycolysis

glucose, g6p, f6p, f16bp, (dihydroxy acetone)

5

Compounds between g3p and pyruvate

1,3 bisphosphoglycerate, 3-phosphoglycerate, 2-phosphoglycerate, phosphoenol pyruvate

6

How is NAD+ generated for glycolysis when our muscles go anaerobic

fermentation

7

How is ethanol made

fermentation of yeasts

8

Major regulatory step and enzyme of glycolysis

3, pfk

9

? is an inhibitor of PFK

ATP

10

? is an activator of PFK

ADP

11

G3P dehydrogenase incorporates a ? bond in intermediate

thioester

12

Steps that consume ATP inglycolysis

1 and 3

13

Steps that generate ATP in glycolysis

7 and 10

14

Step that generates NADH

6

15

Mitochondria generates ATP by ?

oxidative phosphorylation

16

Glycolysis Generates ATP by ?

substrate level phosphorylation

17

Three steps of mitochondria making ATP

CAC, ETC, ATP synthase

18

Pyruvate dehydrogenase complex makes ? and ? from pyruvate

Acetyl CoA and NADH

19

Two main energy sources for nonphotosynthetic organisms

Sugars and fats

20

Compounds produced from acetly CoA in CAC

2 CO2, 3 NADH, FADH2, GTP

21

Acetly CoA combines with oxaloacetate to produce ?

citrate

22

Glycolysis followd by CAC and ETC form ? ATP per glucose

30

23

Glycolysis and Fermentation yield ? ATP per glucose

2

24

amphibolic

anabolic and catabolic

25

It takes ? grams of glycogen to equal the calories of 1 gram of fat

6