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Flashcards in Cancer Deck (51):
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Anchorage dependence

The ability of cells to remain connected to the tissue they are found in

1

Angiogenesis

The of blood vessels into cancerous tissues

2

Apoptosis

The death of a cell

3

Asexual

IDK

4

A-T

Nitrogen bases Adenine and Thymine

5

Autosomes

22 pairs of nonsex chromosomes

6

Benign

Tumors that stay within the same tissue

7

Biopsies

IDK

8

Cancer

Disorder in body which cells of the body divide at a normally high rate

9

Carcinogens

Enviormental substances that can cause cancer

10

Centromere

Holds two sister chromatids together

11

Checkpoints

G1 G3 and metaphase

12

Chemotherapy

Targeted radiation targeting fast dividing cells

13

Chromatids

Copies of chromosomes made during replication

14

Chromatin

Not sex organisms

15

Chromosomes

Name for genetic material when the cell is not carrying out mitosis

16

Cytokinesis

Division of the cytoplasm of a cell

17

Contact inhibition

Prevents cells from dividing when doing so would cause them to pile up on each other

18

Cross over

Occurs during prophase. Exchanges portions of chromosomes from one member of a homologous pair to another

19

Diploid

Two sets of chromosomes

20

G1

Cell growth

21

G2

Cell growth and prep for division

22

Gametes

Specialized cells with only half the number of chromosomes from the parent cell

23

G-C

Guanine and Cytosine

24

Gene linkage

Two genes on the came chromosomes

25

Haploid

When only one member of each cell is present

26

Genes

Instructions carried by DNA

27

DNA replication

Unzipping the molecule in half and then copying both sides to make 2 equal double Helixs

28

Karyotype

Highly magnified photo of chromosomes arranged in pairs

29

Malignant

Cancerous

30

Metastasis

Break away and start new cancers at distant locations

31

Mitosis

Cell division that occurs in somatic cells and makes exact genetic copies of the parent cell

32

Biopsy

Removed of cells tissue or fluid that will be analyzed and determined if cancerous

33

Monosomy

The absence of a chromosome of a homologous pair

34

Oncogenes

Cancerous cells

35

Proto oncogenes

Genes that encode the proteins regulating the cell cycle

36

Nucleotides

Basic building blocks of NUCLEIC acids

37

S

DNA is copied

38

Sex cells

X and Y chromosomes

39

Multiple hit model

Process of cancer development

40

Telomerase

Enzyme that prevents the degradation of chromosomes

41

Telophase

Nuclear envelopes reform and chromatin to chromosomes

42

Trisomy

The presence of an extra chromosome

43

Tumor

Odd cell growth

44

Tumor suppressor

Genes that produce proteins that stop cell division of conditions are not favorable

45

Factors that increase cancer risk

Tobacco use
Bad diet
Lack of exercise
Obesity
Access alcohol consumption
Increasing age

46

Mitosis

Asexual division that produces daughter nuclei that is an exact copy of the parent nuclei

47

Prophase

Chromosomes to chromatin
Micro tubules form and grow
Nuclear membrane disappears
Centrioles move to poles

48

Metaphase

Chromatin lines up in the middle

49

Anaphase

Centromere splits and pull chromatin to poles

50

Telophase

Nuclear membrane reforms
Chromatin to chromosomes