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Flashcards in Test Deck (49):
0

Active transport

Requires energy. Move molecules from low to high concentrations.

1

Amino acids

Building blocks of protein

2

Antioxidants

Protect from free radicals

3

Carbohydrates

Organic compound used for immediate energy

4

Coenzymes

Molecule that helps enzymes

5

Complete proteins

Foods that contain all amino acids a person needs

6

Dehydration

A decrease below the body's required water level

7

Diffusion

Movement of water from high to low concentrations

8

Endscytosis

Foods or water entering the cell

9

Equilibrium

Stable cell equal salt and water

10

Essential amino acids

Can't be synthesized. Needed in body's

11

Essential fatty acids

Fatty acids your body needs but can't synthesize

12

Exocytosis

Solids or liquids leaving a cell

13

Facilitated diffusion

Transport of hydrophilic and charged molecules through the membrane

14

Fat

Organic compound that store energy

15

Fat functions

Stored energy insulates body and cushions muscles

16

Fat soluble vitamins

Won't dissolve in water. Stored in oily gel caps.

17

Folic acid

Dark green veggies. Required for many enzymes

18

Free radicals

Highly reactive molecule that damages the body's cells

19

Glycogen

Type of stored carbohydrate in animals

20

Hydrogenation

Changes liquid unsaturated fats into solids

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Hypertonic

High salt low water. Cell shrinks

22

Hypotonic

Low salt high water. Cell swells

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Isotonic

Equal salt and water. Normal cell

24

Macronutrients

Nutrients required in large amounts

25

Micronutrients

Vitamins and minerals in our diets

26

Minerals

Not made by body but needed for cell functions

27

Monosaccharides

Simple sugar

28

Osmosis

Movement of water from high to low concentrations

29

Passive transport

Diffusion of small hydrophobic molecules from high to low concentration

30

Phagecytosis

Food and solid

31

Pinocytosis

Water and liquid

32

Polysaccharides

Starch

33

Processed foods

Foods stripped of their nutritional value

34

Protein function

Rebuild muscle tissue

35

Proteins

Polymers of amino acids

36

Saturated

Only have single bonds between carbon atoms

37

Semipermeable

Choose what enters and exits a cell

38

Trans fats

Made by incomplete hydrogenation

39

Unsaturated fats

Carbon double bonds

40

Vitamin a

Eye pigment. Leafy green and yellow veggies.

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Vitamin b6 and b12

Meats and dairy. Required for enzymes

42

Vitamin c

Fruits. Collegen synthesis

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Vitamin d

Milk and egg yolk. Increase none growth.

44

Vitamin e

Dark green veggies. Required for enzymes

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Vitamin k

Helps blood clot.

46

Vitamins

Organic substances needed for many cell functions but cannot be stored

47

Water soluble vitamins

Will dissolve in water. Pressed tablets.

48

Whole foods

Foods that have not lost their nutritional value