Genetic Engineering Flashcards Preview

Bio > Genetic Engineering > Flashcards

Flashcards in Genetic Engineering Deck (28):
0

Mutation in which there is no change in the protein because the same amino acid is created

Neutral

1

The type of gene therapy that fixes defective proteins in affected cells

Somatic

2

A tumor that is created by bacteria in plants that carry Ti plasmids

Galls

3

Proteins that act as specialized scissors to cut genes out of DNA strands

restriction enzymes

4

The process of copying DNA with mRNA during protein synthesis

Transcription

5

The location of transcription in a cell

Nucleus

6

The name for a stem cell that can become other types of cells after fertilization

Totipotent

7

The name for an organism that have genes from other organisms transferred into them

Transgenic

8

The device that uses metal coated pellets that are covered in DNA to transfer new genes into organisms

Gene gun

9

The name for proteins that are prokaryotic that prevent RNA polymerase from connecting to a gene

Repression

10

The process of connecting mRNA to tRNA at the ribosome to make a protein

Translation

11

The name for diseases that cause a progressive failing of tissues and organs

Degerative

12

The name for the nucleic acid that carries the amino acids to the ribosome

tRNA

13

The process of a cell turning some jeans on or off to determine its characteristics

Gene expression

14

The nucleic acid that copies DNA during protein synthesis

mRNA

15

The sequence of nucleotides that is the starting point for protein synthesis

Activation

16

The location of translation

Ribosome

17

The name for the series of nucleotides that tRNA creates that carries amino acids

Anticodon

18

The name for the process of replacing damaged or failing tissue with tissue created by stem cells

Therapeutic cloning

19

The process of making an exact genetic copy of an organism

Cloning

20

The name for embryonic cells that are unspecialized

X

21

The name for the entire genetic code of an organism

Genome

22

The name for the nucleic acid that connects codons an anti-codons together in the ribosome

rRNA

23

The name for protein that encourage the connection of polymerase to DNA and eukaryotes

Promoter

24

The name for the protein that connects to DNA and starts the process of transcription

Polymerase

25

The set of three nucleotides that mRNA creates to determine what amino acids DNA wants created

Codons

26

The gradual change of defective genes into normal genes that are past the other generations

Germ line

27

The type of mutation in which there is an insertion or deletion of a nucleotide that causes following codons to change

Frame shift