Ch. 20: Blood Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 20: Blood Deck (51):
1

The type of bone marrow that makes blood cells and is usually in younger people

Red

2

The type of bone marrow that creates that and is found in the shaft of bones

Yellow

3

Name for bone cells

Osteocyte

4

The type of bones that the hips shoulder blades and skull bones are

Flat

5

The division of the skeleton that is made up of the skull vertebrae and ribs

Axial

6

The series of rings that surround blood vessels in bone tissue

Lamellae

7

The type of bones that the ankle and wrist bone are

Short

8

The division of the skeleton system that is made up of the arms and legs

Appendicular

9

The type of bone cells that eat away bone tissue

Osteoclast

10

The name for the ends of the bones

Epiphysis

11

The passageways that connect one bone cells to another in bone tissue

Canaliculi

12

The longitudinal passageways that blood vessels and nerves run through

Haversian canals

13

The type of bone tissue that the patella and hypoid bones are

Sesmoid

14

The type of bone tissue that is densely packed and found in the shaft

Compact

15

The areas in a bone tissue that osteocytes are found inside of

Lacunae

16

The name for bone cells that create new bone tissue

Osteoblast

17

The name for the shaft of a long bone

Diaphysis

18

The type of bone tissue that is found in the ends of long bones

Spongy

19

The type of bones that the femur and tibia are examples of

Long

20

Regulates hormones homeostasis

Hypothalamus

21

Regulates melatonin

Pineal

22

Regulates growth hormone

Pituitary

23

Releases epinephrine

Adrenal

24

Releases testosterone

Testes

25

Releases calcitonin

Thyroid

26

Releases thymosin

Thymus

27

Releases estrogen

Ovary

28

Releases PTH

Parathyroid

29

Releases glucagon and insulin

Pancreas

30

The name for the nerves that connect to muscles

Motor neuron

31

The name for the thick myofibrils that pull on thinner fibers

Myosin

32

The name for the enzyme that breaks down the neurotransmitter ACH

ACHase

33

The name for a segment of a muscle fiber

Sarcomere

34

The neurotransmitter that causes sodium to enter into a muscle fiber

ACH

35

The name for the area that is made up of actin myofilaments

I band

36

The subunits that make up in myofibril

Myofilaments

37

The name for the thin myofilaments that get pulled a muscle fiber

Actin

38

The name for the gap that is found between a motor neuron a muscle fiber

Synapse

39

The area of a circle near in which only myosin filaments are located

A band

40

The subunits of a muscle that make up a muscle fiber

Myofibril

41

The type of muscle contraction in which the muscle shortens in length

Isotonic

42

The type of muscle tissue that is striated and involuntary

Cardiac

43

The name for a motor neuron and all the muscle fibers it connects to

Motor unit

44

The name for the muscle tissue that is striated voluntary

Skeletal

45

The tissue that covers a muscle and separates them from other tissues

Fasciae

46

The type of muscle tissue that is involuntary and non-striated

Smooth

47

The subunits that make up a muscle fascicle

Muscle fiber

48

The subunits that make up a muscle

Fascicle

49

The type of muscle contraction which the muscle does not change in length

Isometric

50

The four steps to healing a fracture

One. Hematoma – Blood clot forms two. External callous forms
three. Spongy bone forms
Four. Compact bone replaces spongy five. Callus is removed overtime

51

The type of bones that facial bones and vertebrae are

Irregular