Ch. 20: Blood Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 20: Blood Deck (51)
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1

The type of bone marrow that makes blood cells and is usually in younger people

Red

2

The type of bone marrow that creates that and is found in the shaft of bones

Yellow

3

Name for bone cells

Osteocyte

4

The type of bones that the hips shoulder blades and skull bones are

Flat

5

The division of the skeleton that is made up of the skull vertebrae and ribs

Axial

6

The series of rings that surround blood vessels in bone tissue

Lamellae

7

The type of bones that the ankle and wrist bone are

Short

8

The division of the skeleton system that is made up of the arms and legs

Appendicular

9

The type of bone cells that eat away bone tissue

Osteoclast

10

The name for the ends of the bones

Epiphysis

11

The passageways that connect one bone cells to another in bone tissue

Canaliculi

12

The longitudinal passageways that blood vessels and nerves run through

Haversian canals

13

The type of bone tissue that the patella and hypoid bones are

Sesmoid

14

The type of bone tissue that is densely packed and found in the shaft

Compact

15

The areas in a bone tissue that osteocytes are found inside of

Lacunae

16

The name for bone cells that create new bone tissue

Osteoblast

17

The name for the shaft of a long bone

Diaphysis

18

The type of bone tissue that is found in the ends of long bones

Spongy

19

The type of bones that the femur and tibia are examples of

Long

20

Regulates hormones homeostasis

Hypothalamus

21

Regulates melatonin

Pineal

22

Regulates growth hormone

Pituitary

23

Releases epinephrine

Adrenal

24

Releases testosterone

Testes

25

Releases calcitonin

Thyroid

26

Releases thymosin

Thymus

27

Releases estrogen

Ovary

28

Releases PTH

Parathyroid

29

Releases glucagon and insulin

Pancreas

30

The name for the nerves that connect to muscles

Motor neuron