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Flashcards in Cells Deck (33):
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No simple definition of life

Growth movement

1

All earth organisms

Common biological molecules
Composed of cells, homeostasis
Require water

2

Elements

Fundamental forms of matter

3

Atoms

The smallest unit of an element

4

Ions

Atoms with an electrical charge

5

Atomic number

Determined by the number of protons in the nucleus

6

Molecule

Two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds

7

Suspension

Separates

8

Colliod

Stays together

9

Hydrophilic

Water loving

10

Hydrophobic

Fear of water

11

Proteins

Polymers of amino acids

12

Carbohydrates

Energy

13

Proteins

Build tissue

14

NUCLEIC acid

Blue print

15

Prokaryotic

Bacteria, simple, earliest cell

16

Eukaryotic

Have a membrane, nucleus, and is complex

17

Plasma membrane

All cells surrounded by

18

Nucleus

Surrounded by nuclear membrane which houses DNa

19

Ribosomes

Assemble proteins

20

Cytosol

Watery substance that surrounds the nucleus and organelles

21

Mitochondria

Provide energy. ATP

22

Chloroplasts

Sites of photosynthesis in plant cells

23

Lysosomes

Contain digestive enzyme to break down substances

24

Smooth ER

Lipid synthesis and locks ribosomes

25

Rough ER

Protein synthesis and has ribosomes attached to it

26

Golgi body

Modifies and sorts proteins and packages them into vessels

27

Centrioles

Moves genetic material during cell division

28

Cytoskeleton

Maintains cell shapes

29

Central vacuole

Found in plant cells and stores water starch and pigments

30

Nucleolis

Makes ribosomes

31

The theory of evolution

Common ancestor. Prokaryotes and eukaryotes

32

Organic chemistry

The chemistry of the complex carbon containing molecules