Chapter 10 Flashcards Preview

Bio > Chapter 10 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 10 Deck (29):
0

Creationism

The idea that all organisms or put on the earth in their present form up by a higher power

1

Convergence

The term for the amount of time that it takes for two organisms to diverge from each other

2

Species

The most specific level of the taxonomic system

3

Darwin

The scientists that first describe the idea of evolution

4

Natural selection

The idea that organisms change in response to changes in their environment to allow them to adapt to their specific environment better

5

Linnaeus

The scientist that created the idea of binomial nomenclature

6

Transformation

The alternative evolutionary model of that states that new organisms are not created but existing organisms can change slightly

7

Domain

The newest taxonomic category that divides the bacteria from all other organisms

8

Binomial nomenclature

The name for the naming system used to create a scientific name

9

Static model

The alternative evolutionary model of that states that all organisms are unchanged overtime

10

Kingdom

The taxonomic category that is found under a domain

11

Vestigial traits

Nonfunctional traits that are found in organisms

12

Macro evolution

The change of populations of organisms overtime and many generations

13

Genus

The level of classification which is made up of similar species

14

Origin of the species

The text that Charles Darwin explain and his theory of evolution

15

HMS Beagle

The ship that Charles Darwin traveled on to visit the areas that developed his theories

16

Finch

The organism that Darwin studied on the Galapagos Islands that helped him develop his ideas of natural selection

17

Galapagos Islands

The location of research for much of Darwin study of evolution

18

The term that describes the distribution of organisms on the earth

Biogeography

19

The name for the type of evolution that refers to the idea of common descent

Separate types

20

The process that uses carbon-14 isotopes to determine the age of rocks and organisms

Radioactive dating

21

The idea that all organisms on the earth or originated from the same ancestor

Common descent

22

The type of evolution that describes the changes that occur in a species population over time

Microevolution

23

Seven pieces of evidence that support common descent

Biological classification.
Anatomical similarities between organisms.
Use a straits and modern species. Shared developmental pathways.
DNA similarities.
Biogeography.
Fossil evidence.

24

Skulls tailbones and thumbs

Human traits from lower level primates

25

Tortoises finches and cacti

Main organisms that molded Darwins evolutionary theory

26

Similarities between humans and apes and anatomy behavior and genes

Homology

27

The remains of extinct organisms show progression from more ancient organisms to a more modern forms

The fossil record

28

Do keep pond clean or froggy gets sick

Domain Kingdom phylum class order family genus species