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Flashcards in Chapter 18 Systems Deck (60)
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1

The hair-like projections that move mucus up trachea and filter the air

Cilia

2

The structures in the nasal cavity that cause the air to swirl

Nasal conchae

3

The small passageways before the alveolar ducts that have muscular walls

Bronchioles

4

The cartilaginous structure that has a C shaped rings below the voice box

Trachea

5

The functional units of the long that exchange gas with the blood

Alveoli

6

The structure that sits on top of the larynx and prevents food from entering it

Epiglottis

7

The cells in the alveoli that remove dust and other impurities

Macrophages

8

The name for the protein in blood that carries oxygen

Hemoglobin

9

The process that occurs when the guy from rises on the chest goes in

Expiration

10

The passageways and the rest to retract that are surrounded by cartilage and is found after the trachea

Bronchi

11

The name for the voice box

Larynx

12

The term used for people that he can smoke secondhand from others around them

Passive

13

The idea that explains respiration and states that as the volume of the container increases its pressure will decrease

Boyles law

14

The name for the oily substances that lines the inner surface of the alveoli and prevents the walls am sticking together

Surfactant

15

The name for cells that make surfactant and the alveoli

Septal cells

16

The disorder in which particulates cause the breakdown of the alveolar walls

Respiratory distress syndrome

17

The name for the gas that is 200 times more attracted to hemoglobin than oxygen gas

Carbon monoxide

18

The function of the capillaries in the nasal cavity is to do what to air

Warm air

19

The name for the specific portion of the bronchial tree that occurs before the bronchioles

Tertiary bronchi

20

Reasons for rapid gas exchange in the alveoli

Oxygen and CO2 are soluble and there is a short distance

21

Chemical formula for cellular respiration

602+ C6 H 1202 arrow six CO2 +6 H2O plus ATP

22

The name for the type of blood cells that have a nucleus and can leave the blood stream to fight infection

Leukocytes

23

The name for the top set of the vocal chords that prevent objects from entering the trachea

False

24

Name for blood cells that cause clotting

Thrombocytes

25

The name for the type of blood cells that have a nucleus and can leave the blood stream to fight infection

Leukocytes

26

The name for the valve that is located between the left atrium and the left ventricle

Bicuspids

27

The type of blood cells that are the first line of defense against viral disease

Basophils

28

The contraction phase of the heart beat

Systole

29

The blood vessels that carry blood away from heart and usually contain high oxygen

Artery

30

The type of white blood cells that fight bacterial infection

Neutrophils