Chapter 18 Systems Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 18 Systems Deck (60):
1

The hair-like projections that move mucus up trachea and filter the air

Cilia

2

The structures in the nasal cavity that cause the air to swirl

Nasal conchae

3

The small passageways before the alveolar ducts that have muscular walls

Bronchioles

4

The cartilaginous structure that has a C shaped rings below the voice box

Trachea

5

The functional units of the long that exchange gas with the blood

Alveoli

6

The structure that sits on top of the larynx and prevents food from entering it

Epiglottis

7

The cells in the alveoli that remove dust and other impurities

Macrophages

8

The name for the protein in blood that carries oxygen

Hemoglobin

9

The process that occurs when the guy from rises on the chest goes in

Expiration

10

The passageways and the rest to retract that are surrounded by cartilage and is found after the trachea

Bronchi

11

The name for the voice box

Larynx

12

The term used for people that he can smoke secondhand from others around them

Passive

13

The idea that explains respiration and states that as the volume of the container increases its pressure will decrease

Boyles law

14

The name for the oily substances that lines the inner surface of the alveoli and prevents the walls am sticking together

Surfactant

15

The name for cells that make surfactant and the alveoli

Septal cells

16

The disorder in which particulates cause the breakdown of the alveolar walls

Respiratory distress syndrome

17

The name for the gas that is 200 times more attracted to hemoglobin than oxygen gas

Carbon monoxide

18

The function of the capillaries in the nasal cavity is to do what to air

Warm air

19

The name for the specific portion of the bronchial tree that occurs before the bronchioles

Tertiary bronchi

20

Reasons for rapid gas exchange in the alveoli

Oxygen and CO2 are soluble and there is a short distance

21

Chemical formula for cellular respiration

602+ C6 H 1202 arrow six CO2 +6 H2O plus ATP

22

The name for the type of blood cells that have a nucleus and can leave the blood stream to fight infection

Leukocytes

23

The name for the top set of the vocal chords that prevent objects from entering the trachea

False

24

Name for blood cells that cause clotting

Thrombocytes

25

The name for the type of blood cells that have a nucleus and can leave the blood stream to fight infection

Leukocytes

26

The name for the valve that is located between the left atrium and the left ventricle

Bicuspids

27

The type of blood cells that are the first line of defense against viral disease

Basophils

28

The contraction phase of the heart beat

Systole

29

The blood vessels that carry blood away from heart and usually contain high oxygen

Artery

30

The type of white blood cells that fight bacterial infection

Neutrophils

31

A term used for all the plasma and the formed elements together

Whole blood

32

The name for blood cells that transfer oxygen and nutrients

Erythrocytes

33

The liquid portion of the blood that is made up of 90% water

Plasma

34

The smallest one tussles that exchange gases with the cells of the body

Capillaries

35

The nerve cells that are found in the heart and trigger it to beat

Pacemakers

36

The chambers of the heart the pump on out to the body

Ventricles

37

The type of white blood cell that response to parasitic infections

Eosinophils

38

The valve that separates the right atria and the right ventricle

Tricuspid

39

The name for the pacemaker that causes the atria to contract

SA node

40

The name for the blood stem cell that creates all types of blood cells

Hemocytoblast

41

Blood types that can donate to type a blood people

A and O

42

Your name for the proteins and blood that determine what blood types are

Antigens

43

The name for the division between the ventricles

Septum

44

Lymphocyte: T cells

Defend against invading cells

45

Lymphocytes: B cells

Produce and distribute antibodies

46

Lymphocytes: NK cells

Fight cancers and abnormal tissue

47

Differences between arteries and veins

Arteries or thick red deep and have no valves.
Veins are thin blue superficial and have valves.

48

The name for the material that is removed from the glomerulus in the cortex of the kidney

Urine

49

They are protective layer of the urinary tract

Serous

50

The part of the nephron and which urine is created after the renal tubule

Collecting duct

51

The name for the process in which you're in his past into the collecting duct and then into the pelvis

Secretion

52

The excretory organs that filters the blood and create urine

Kidney

53

The layer of the kidney in which filtration occurs

Glomerulus

54

The part of the front that collects filtrate and surrounds the glomerulus

Bowmans capsule

55

The tube that connects the kidney to the bladder

Ureter

56

The process of taking back and materials back into the blood of the filtrate

Reabsorption

57

The storage area for urine

Urinary bladder

58

The name for the waste product created by the liver

Urea

59

The layer of the kidding in which reabsorption occurs

Medulla

60

The part of the nephron in which reabsorption occurs

Renal tubule