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Flashcards in Carbs Deck (15):
0

How are monosaccharides classified?

According to how many carbons they contain

1

Carbs with an aldehyde as their most oxidized group are what?

Aldoses

2

Carbs with a ketone as their most oxidized group are what?

Ketoses

3

What are isomers?

Compounds with the same chemical formula but different structure

4

Anomeric carbons are types of isomers... What two forms do they have?

Alpha and beta

5

What are the bonds that link monosaccharides

Glycosidic

6

What disaccharide is lactose?

Glucose + galactose

7

What disaccharide is maltose?

Glucose + glucose

8

What disaccharide is sucrose?

Fructose + glucose

9

What is glycogen?

Alpha linkage
Animal source
Branched glucose polymer

10

What is starch?

Branched glucose polymer
Alpha linkages
Plant sources

11

What is cellulose?

Plant sources
Beta linkages
Unbranched glucose linkages

12

What enzyme begins digestion in the mouth?

Alpha-amylase
Alpha (1-4) bonds

13

What are the three enzymes in the intestinal mucosa cells that digest carbs?

Sucrase / isomaltase
Maltase
Lactase

14

What is the test for testing disaccharide deficiencies??

Hydrogen breath test