Cardiology Flashcards Preview

Pediatrics > Cardiology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cardiology Deck (115)
Loading flashcards...
90

Small heart, pulmonary edema, intense cyanosis

Obstructed TAPVR (return goes below the diaphragm)

91

Heart failure in first week of life

Obstruction to left heart flow

92

CHF at 6 to 8 years of age

Myocarditis, rheumatic heart fever

93

Thrill in suprasternal notch region

Aortic stenosis

94

Who gets rheumatic fever following strep pharyngitis

3% of those affected

95

Aschoff body on pathology

Acute rheumatic fever

96

Major Jones criteria

Joints (poly arthritis)
Carditis
Nodules (subcutaneous)
Erythema marginatum
Syndeham chorea

97

Aschoff body on pathology

Acute rheumatic fever

98

Tx of acute rheumatic fever

ASA 80-100 mg/kg +/- prednisone, digoxin

99

Tx of chorea

Haloperidol, benzodiazepine

100

Prevention of acute rheumatic fever

Monthly PCN G IM

101

Lesions high risk for endocarditis

TOF, VSD, AS

102

Two organisms that cause most endocarditis cases

Staph aureus and strep viridans

103

Fever, new murmur, CHF, petechia, Roth spots, Janeway lesions, Soler nodes, splinter hemorrhages

Endocarditis

104

Prosthetic cardiac valve, h/o endocarditis, unrepaired CYANOTIC CHD or completely repaired with prosthetic material if within 6 months of procedure, cardiac transplant recipients

SBE ppx for dental procedures

105

Which procedures get SBE ppx?

Procedures on respiratory tract or infected skin

106

5 days of fever plus 4 other features

Kawasakis

107

Cervical LAD, conjunctival injection, rash, hand and foot erythema, mucosal involvement

Kawasaki

108

Tx of Kawasaki

IVIG
High dose aspirin until fever and ESR decrease and platelets increase then low dose ASA

109

Causes of viral myocarditis

Coxsackie B, echovirus

110

JVD increasing with inspiration

Kussmaul (seen in pericarditis)

111

Chest pain, pericardial friction rub, pulsus paradoxus, kussmaul

Pericarditis

112

HOCM, anomalous left coronary artery, commotio cordis, aortic rupture in Marfans

Causes of sudden cardiac death in athletes

113

Heart defect in maternal diabetes

Septal hypertrophy

114

Bounding pulses

PDA, aortic insufficiency