Ch. 1: Human Dev The the Lifespan Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 1: Human Dev The the Lifespan Deck (26)
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Development is lifelong

early adulthood is not the endpoint, no age period dominates development, it is lifelong


Period that focuses on establishing personal and economic independence, career development, and for many, selecting a mate, possibly starting a family, and rearing children.

Early adulthood (26-35)


development is multidirectional

throughout life some dimensions or components of a dimension expand and others shrink


Period of adjusting to post-work identity and retirement, adjusting to challenges of changing health.

Late adulthood (51-75)


Period of highly dependent, the development of language, symbolic thought, social skills, and modeling takes place

Infancy (birth-24 months)


Period of increasing mobility and independence; the terrible 2s

Toddler (1-3)


Period of rapid physical changes and the development of sexual characteristics. Increased peer interaction and influence. Cognitively moving into formal, abstract reasoning.

Early adolescence (13-18)


Developmental science is multidisciplinary

psychologists, sociologists, anthropologist, neuroscientists, and medical researchers are all involved


Period of reflection and life review. Preparing of the end of life.

Elderhood (oldest-old) 75+


development is contextual

development occurs within a setting: families, schools, peer groups, churches, cities, neighborhoods, countries, etc.


Period involving rapid and extensive growth from single cell to human, with neurological capabilities

Conception-prenatal period of development


Physical encounters on development

Biological system


The orderly and sequential changes that occur with the passage of time as an organism moves and adapts from the very beginning until the end of life.



Three types of influences on human development

normative age-graded influences normative history-graded influences non-normative or highly individualized life events


Period of increasing self-sufficiency, peer interest and interaction, and school readiness skills

Early school age (4-6)


"Development is lifelong, multidimensional, multidirectional, plastic, multidisciplinary, and contextual; involves growth, maintenance, and regulation; and is constructed through biological, sociocultural, and individual factors working together"

The lifespan perspective


Social roles and norms that effect development

Sociocultural system


Period of maintaining a satisfying career, interest turns toward social responsibility; in assisting the next generation.

Middle adulthood (36-50)


Normative age-graded influences

Presents individuals as similar to those within their age group. (e.g. going to preschool at age 5; getting your license at 16; being an adult at 18)


Period with the pursuit of independence (socially, psychology, and financially) and desire to identify vocational direction and personal identity.

Late adolescence (19-25)


Non-normative or highly individualized events

Events that COULD happen to everyone, but only happen to a certain amount of people and have different circumstances (e.g. the death of a loved one, the experience of being abandoned or abused, or winning the lottery)


Normative history-graded influences

Historical events that have a widespread impact on a group or a population of people (e.g. major sociopolitical events like world war, the civil rights movement, 9/11 terrorist attack


Psychological effects on development

Psychological system


Development is multidimensional

no matter what your age, your body, mind, emotions, and relationships are changing and affecting each other


Period of achievement drive becomes evident; the fundamental skills of reading, writing, and arithmetic are mastered

Middle Childhood (7-12)


development is plastic

the capacity to change, through the lifespan