Ch 6: Preschool: Early School Age (3-6) Flashcards Preview

Human Development > Ch 6: Preschool: Early School Age (3-6) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 6: Preschool: Early School Age (3-6) Deck (61)
Loading flashcards...
1

T/F: establishing friendships is one of the major development tasks of preschoolers

T; children who don't build friendships need to be identified early and intervention put in place

2

Developed stages of moral development that he believed were hierarchical

Kohlberg

3

parenting styles

Authoritative-high, realistic expectations, warm and loving support, consistent rules and behavioral expectations Authoritarian-very strict, low warmth Permissive-passive/do whatever; not strict on rules; give too much to kids to decide Neglectful-not there

4

social and emotional development of 5 year old

wide group of friends and play cooperatively understand rules may prefer to interact with peers of the same gender cooperative skills lead to positive relationships and friendships

5

What is the difference between ODD and conduct disorder?

level of aggression ODD non violent; defiant CD-physically violent

6

having a positive level of self-efficacy and self esteem, positive future expectations, good coping skills, personal control, problem solving abilities, initiative, optimistic thinking and internal motivation

resilience

7

A child's consistent perceptions about himself or herself, despite variations in behavior

self-concept

8

T/F: children may use play to understand a traumatic experience

T; they may recreate an unpleasant experience repeatedly to assimilate it and diminish the intensity of emotions

9

4 to 5 year olds begin to (cognitively)

-develop problem-solving skills -understand cause and effect -still egocentric -thinking is still concrete

10

How does the parents viewpoint on the child's play have an effect?

Parents reactions

11

Increased/improved neurological connections allow for:

increased language development better hand-eye coordination better motor control increased cognitive ability

12

How does play contribute to physical development at this age?

Helps build muscles and coordination

13

Postconventional thought (Kohlberg)

decisions based on universal ethical principles

14

Do preschoolers understand what accidents are?

No; the child doesn't understand others motives (still egocentric)

15

T/F: preschoolers begin to internalize feelings of competence and sense that they are capable

T; help them internalize by helping them be successful; provide activities that are a bit challenging but they can successfully accomplish

16

The ability to symbolically represent concrete objects, actions and events

symbolic thought/make-believe play

17

Should the preschool environment be noisy?

YES THEY"RE PLAYING

18

Behavior management vs. behavior modification

Bman-focus is on maintaining order; Less intense; rewards and working toward a goal; now we are viewing behavior more general; start with a specific behavior and observe/see how often it happens then start observing and rewarding Bmod-the focus is on changing behavior; positive reinforcement with goals and getting things for positive behavior (token economy)

19

Developing resilience, positive peer relationships, and self-control are just a few of the challenges confronting the early school-aged child

Preschool--building relationships beyond the family

20

T/F: tantrums are typical for 2 and 3 year olds, but should decline by age 4

T

21

the most advanced form of social and symbolic play

socio-dramatic play -imitation of real-life, drama, fantasy, role-playing -gives opportunity to act out relationships and the experiences of others

22

T/F: resilient children take positive action; they seek out opportunities to better their lives

T

23

Tantrums are made worse by

inconsistent discipline, parents being too overbearing or too protective, lack of parental attention, interference with play, parental marital or emotional problems, sibling rivalry, illness, hunger, thirst, speech problems, too much criticism

24

Risks to healthy preschool development

not resilience poor social skills technology (depends)

25

Characteristics of Piaget's preoperational stage

-form schemas and sort info into categories in large general groups (things that fly are birds) -egocentric -conservation

26

T/F: active engagement in academics and extracurricular activities as well as cognitive ability is correlated to resiliency

T

27

What stage of Piaget's developmental theory are school aged children in?

Preoperational stage

28

Moral development of preschoolers

actions and people are always right or always wrong, always good or always bad; behavior is right or wrong depending on whether or not it results in punishment, how much damage done and what rules broken

29

Sociocultural theory & theorist

Vogotsky -social interactions aid in cognitive development -language plays primary role -a child's culture determines the nature of learning -no two children will have identical development

30

preconventional thought (Kohlberg)

decisions are based on avoiding punishment and satisfying one's own desires