Ch 7: Middle Childhood (6-12) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 7: Middle Childhood (6-12) Deck (51)
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1

Females reach adolescent growth spurt around age __

11

2

Males hit adolescent growth spurt around age

14

3

Physical development and growth patterns for middle childhood

growth slows, less stocky/more slender, individual differences in hight/weight are noticeable, males tend to be taller and heavier

4

Children in middle childhood need about ___ calories a day for proper growth

2,000

5

T/F: Proper nutrition is more then just number of calories

T

6

Childhood obesity problem stem from...

poor eating habits, increased portion size, technology has been a factor in less physical activity, not playing out side in unsafe neighborhoods

7

Implications of obesity in childhood

children with poor eating habits are at risk for developing diabetes, increased cholesterol, and high blood pressure; damage to social/emotional well being (negative attitudes of peers, lower self-esteem, being teased, avoidance of physical activity)

8

T/F: Children as young as 5 may begin to worry about body image and being fat

T

9

T/F: Children as young as 8 have reported symptoms of eating disorders

T

10

Cognitive development in middle childhood

-expanded working memory
-increase in cognitive function from formal schooling
-prefrontal cortex continuing to develop

11

Prefrontal cortex is responsible for

attention. working memory, behavioral monitoring and self-regulation, reasoning, information processing, goal-setting, and inhibition

12

Skills developing in middle childhood

-conservation of matter
-classification and sub-classification
-computational skils

13

Child is able to carry out actions through behavior, but also through thought....

cause and effect; generalizing

14

define metamemory

child becomes aware of memory and learns how to assess their own memory function

15

define metacognition

child becomes aware of their own thinking and works on monitoring their own behavior and attention

16

T/F: Neurophysiological development is highly affected by the social environment

T

17

Threats to healthy development

-SES
-limited access to medical care
-single parent households
-victim of a crime
-low educational parent
-teen parents

18

What effect does chronic stress have on the development of the prefrontal cortex?

Interrupts functioning; anxiety and stress hormones

19

Social development in middle childhood

-increased language development
-exposure to peers and teachers
-deeper social relationships
-peer pressure
-child becomes less egocentric
-differing levels of self-esteem, social anxiety and self-acceptance

20

T/F: parents opinions are influential, but peers' opinions are more important

T

21

T/F: children become very self-aware and self-conscious about appearance, abilities, and behavior in relation to others

T

22

T/F: children have a strong desire to be included and to belong

T

23

define social self-concept

beliefs about one's own self-desirability, self-efficacy and social competence

24

T/F: Children with strong leadership qualities achieve social dominance

T

25

T/F: popularity is linked to higher intelligence, increased athleticism and physical attractiveness

T

26

T/F: bullying is a way to achieve social influence

T

27

T/F: bullying most often occurs within racial groups

T

28

Females bully using...Males bully using...

gossip and rumors; physical aggression

29

Friendships in childhood foster...

-self-efficacy
-social development
-social awareness
-working with others

30

Males tend to prefer ____ friendship circles

larger, loosely organized