Flashcards in Research Vocab Deck (20)
Settings for conducting research
When a researcher wants to make an observation and attempt to get a comprehensive picture of a specific situation by gathering notes and verbatim or narrative data, this research is considered ____?
When the researcher uses independent measures such as scales and objective observational recording instruments, the data collected are _____?
The participants in the laboratory research study may perform differently (most work harder and perform better) since they are aware that they are being observed.
When the researcher manipulates one or more independent variables, controls any other relevant extraneous variables, and observes the effect of the manipulations on the dependent variables.
The variable being manipulated by the researcher
The change in the behavior measured by the researcher
The presumed cause
The presumed effect
All other variables that might affect the results of a study and may produce a false set of results are called
An experiment conducted in a natural setting
Use of a natural situation to conduct a research study that researches themselves cannot manipulate
focuses on the relation of age to some other variable
A descriptive study in which characteristics under investigation are measured simultaneously in different age populations.
Lifespan studies (2)
Following the same individuals across their life span noting changes in the dimensions under investigation
Methods that are sometimes employed to study the effect of age involve identifying groups of varying ages and comparing them on some dimension
Conducting several observations of the same subjects over a period of time, sometimes lasting many years.
The three major ethical principles of the Belmont Report are:
1: RESPECT for persons--treat individuals as autonomous agents and protect persons with diminished autonomy
2: BENEFICENCE--do unto others as you would have them do to onto you
3: JUSTICE--distribute the risks and potential benefits of research equally among groups