Research Vocab Flashcards Preview

Human Development > Research Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Research Vocab Deck (20)
Loading flashcards...
1

Settings for conducting research

laboratory setting
real-world setting

2

When a researcher wants to make an observation and attempt to get a comprehensive picture of a specific situation by gathering notes and verbatim or narrative data, this research is considered ____?

Qualitative

3

When the researcher uses independent measures such as scales and objective observational recording instruments, the data collected are _____?

Quantitative

4

The participants in the laboratory research study may perform differently (most work harder and perform better) since they are aware that they are being observed.

Hawthorne Effect

5

When the researcher manipulates one or more independent variables, controls any other relevant extraneous variables, and observes the effect of the manipulations on the dependent variables.

an experiment

6

The variable being manipulated by the researcher

Independent variable

7

The change in the behavior measured by the researcher

Dependent variable

8

The presumed cause

IV

9

The presumed effect

DV

10

All other variables that might affect the results of a study and may produce a false set of results are called

confounding variables

11

An experiment conducted in a natural setting

Field experiment

12

Use of a natural situation to conduct a research study that researches themselves cannot manipulate

Natural Experiment

13

focuses on the relation of age to some other variable

Lifespan Study

14

A descriptive study in which characteristics under investigation are measured simultaneously in different age populations.

Cross-Sectional Research

15

Lifespan studies (2)

Cross-sectional study
Longitudinal study

16

Following the same individuals across their life span noting changes in the dimensions under investigation

Longitudinal study

17

Methods that are sometimes employed to study the effect of age involve identifying groups of varying ages and comparing them on some dimension

Cross-sectional research

18

Conducting several observations of the same subjects over a period of time, sometimes lasting many years.

Longitudinal research

19

The three major ethical principles of the Belmont Report are:

1: RESPECT for persons--treat individuals as autonomous agents and protect persons with diminished autonomy
2: BENEFICENCE--do unto others as you would have them do to onto you
3: JUSTICE--distribute the risks and potential benefits of research equally among groups

20

5 requirements of the ACA for ethical research

1. Seek consultation from the IRB
2. Informed consent
3. Nonprofessional relationships with research participants
4. Report accurate results
5. Publication includes recognizing the contributions of others