Ch 4: Infancy (Birth to 24 Months Old) Flashcards Preview

Human Development > Ch 4: Infancy (Birth to 24 Months Old) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 4: Infancy (Birth to 24 Months Old) Deck (58)
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1

Breast milk should be the only nutrient fed to infants until ____

4-6 months of age

2

The AAP recommends breastfeeding for at least ____, and the WHO recommends for at least _____.

AAP -- 1 year
WHO --- 2 years

3

benefits to breastfeeding for infant

less diarrhea, fewer ear and urinary tract infections, fewer disease, lower obesity rate, lower incidences of SIDS

4

benefits to breastfeeding for mother

decreased postpartum bleeding, more rapid uterine involution, and decreased menstrual blood during mostly cycles

5

AAP recommends that juice not be introduced to infants younger than ____ of age

6 months

6

Solids should not be introduced to an infant until he or she is able to ____. Typically occurring between ____ of age.

sit alone and can grab for items to put into mouth; 4-6 months

7

How should simple basic foods be introduced to an infant ____ every ____

one at a time; every 2 to 3 days

8

Within _____ months of beginning solid foods, the infant's daily diet can consist of _____.

2 to 3 months; breast milk, cereal, veggies, fruits and meats

9

Foods need to be ________ rather than in one sitting

spread throughout the course of the day

10

Infants and toddles grow in ____, meaning they grow for _____, often at night and then ___.

spurts; several days; rest

11

Physical development: at birth the ____ system if more developed than the ____ system.

sensory; motor

12

At birth the visual field depth is about ____

8 inches; the distance to a parent's face when being held

13

T/F: baby only see black and white

true

14

Baby see color around ___

3 months

15

Babys prefer to look at _______, _____ oriented

faces; correctly

16

At ___ months able to distinguish genders

3 months

17

Fetus turns toward source of sound at ____ weeks.

20

18

T/F: able at birth to distinguish between mothers voice and others.

True

19

Taste buds form at ___ weeks and well formed before birth

12

20

T/F: newborns show preference regarding smells

True

21

T/F: newborns can't distinguish between sweet, salty, sour, bitter, and savory

False

22

T/F: premature and high-risk infants gain more weight when their parents hold them skin-to-skin against their chests.

True

23

Moro reflect (startle reflex)

in reaction to a loud noise the baby throws out arms and legs, lengthens neck, and then drawn arms back into the chest

24

Rooting reflex or sucking reflex

Baby's natural instinct to search for and suckle for nutrition

25

Grasp reflex

Baby wraps fingers tightly around anything that touches palm

26

Babies typically develop in the following order: (9)

1. able to hold chest and head up while lying on stomach
2. able to roll over
3. able to sit with support
4. able to sit alone
5. able to crawl
6. able to stand holding on to something
7. able to walk when led
8. able to stand alone
9. able to walk alone

27

T/F: newborn's can discriminate speech sounds, and prefer mother's voice.

True

28

Babbling at around 5 months prerequisite for later speech. T/F

True

29

T/F: it's not important for parents to encourage or respond to babbling

False

30

T/F: listening to TV and other media aids in language development

False