ch 10 musalketal part 2 Flashcards Preview

medical term > ch 10 musalketal part 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in ch 10 musalketal part 2 Deck (54)
Loading flashcards...
1

anklyosis

stiffening and immobility of a joint as a result of disease, trauma, surgery, or abnormal fusion

2

bunion (hallux valgus)

deformity characterized by lateral deviation of the great toe as it turns in toward the second toe (angulation) which may cause the tissue surrounding the joint to become swollen and tender

3

carpal tunnel syndrome

painful condition resulting from compression of the median nerve within the carpal tunnel (wrist canal through which the flexor tendons and the median nerve pass)

4

claudication

lameness, limping

5

cotracture

fibrosis of connective tissue in the skin, fascia, muscle, or joint capsule that prevents normal mobility of the related tissue or joint

6

crepitation

dry, grating sound or sensation caused by bone ends rubbing together, indicating a fracture or joint destruction

7

exacerbation

increase in severity of a disease or any of its symptoms; also called flare

8

ganglion cyst

fluid-filled tumor that most commonly develops along the tendons of the wrists or joints, but may also appear in the feet

9

hemarthrosis

effusion of blood into a joint cavity

10

herniated disk

rupture of vertebral disk's center (nucleus pulposus) through its outer edge and back towards the spinal canal with pressure on the adjacent spinal nerve that results in pain, numbness, or weakness in one or both legs

11

hypotonia

loss of muscular tone or a diminished resistance to passive stretching

12

multiple myeloma

malignant tumor of plasma cells (cells that help the body fight infection by producing antibodies) in the bone marrow

13

phantom limb

perceived sensation, following amputation of a limb, that the limb still exists

14

rickets

form of osteomalacia in children caused by vitamin D deficiency; also called rachitis

15

sequestrum

fragment of necrosed bone that has become separated from surrounding tissue

16

spondylolisthesis

any slipping (subluxation) of a vertebra from its normal position in relationship to the one beneath it

17

spondylosis

degeneration of the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae and related tissues

18

sprain

tearing of ligament tissue that may be slight , moderate, or complete

19

strain

muscular trauma caused by violent contraction or an excessive forcible stretch

20

subluxation

partial or incomplete dislocation

21

talipes equinovarus

congenital deformity of one or both feet in which the foot is pulled downward and laterally to the side; also called clubfoot

22

electromyography

use of electrical stimulation to diagnose the health of muscle and the nerve cells that control them (motor neurons)

23

reduction

procedure that restores a bone to its normal position

24

closed

reduction in which fractured bones are realigned by manipulation rather than surgery

25

open

reduction in which fractured bones are placed in their proper position during surgery

26

bone immobilization

procedures used to restrict movement, stabilize and protect a fracture, and facilitate the healing process

27

casting

bone immobilization by application of a solid, stiff dressing formed with plaster of paris or similar material

28

splinting

bone immobilization by application of an orthopedic device to the injured body part

29

traction

bone immobilization by application of weights and pulleys to align or immobilize a fracture

30

amputation

partial or complete removal of an extremity due to trauma or a circulatory disease