ch 13 male part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ch 13 male part 2 Deck (33)
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1

balanitis

inflammation of the skin covering the glans penis, caused by bacteria, fungi, or a virus

2

erectile dysfunction (ED)

repeated inability to initiate or maintain an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse

3

hypogonadism

decrease or lack of hormones normally produced by the gonads

4

hypospadias

congenital abnormality where the opening of the male urethra is on the undersurface of the penis, instead of at its tip

5

phimosis

stenosis or narrowing of foreskin so that it cannot be retracted over the glans penis

6

priapism

prolonged and often painful erection of the penis, which occurs without sexual stimulation

7

prostatitis

acute or chronic inflammation of the prostate

8

testicular abnormalities

any of the various disorders that affect the testes

9

anorchism

absence of one or both testicles; also called anorchia or anorchidism

10

epididymitis

inflammation of the epididymis

11

hydrocele

swelling of the sac surrounding the testes that is typically harmless

12

orchitis

painful swelling of one or both testes, commonly associated with mumps that develop after puberty

13

Spermatocele

Abnormal, fluid-filled sac that develops in the epididymis and may or may not contain sperm; also called spermatic cyst

14

Testicular mass

New tissue growth that appears on one or both tests and may be malignant or benign

15

Testicular torsion

Spontaneous twisting of a testicle within the scrotum, leading to a decrease in blood flow to the affected testicle

16

Varicocele

Swelling and distention of vein of the spermatic cord, somewhat resembling varicose veins of the legs

17

Sterility

Inability to produce offspring , in the male, inability to fertilize the ovum

18

Digital rectal examination

Screening test that assess the rectal wall surface for lesions or evaluates abnormalities of the pelvic area

19

Orchiectomy

Removal of one or both testicles;also called castration or orchidectomy

20

Circumcision

Removal of the foreskin , or fold of skin covering the tip (glans) of the penis

21

Orchiopexy

Fixation of the testes in the scrotum

22

Prostatectomy

Removal of all or part of the prostrate

23

Transurethral resection of prostrate (TURP)

Excision of the prostrate gland by inserting a special endoscope (resectoscope) through the urethra and into the bladder to remove small pieces of tissue from the prostrate gland

24

Urethroplasty

Reconstruction of the urethra to relieve stricture or narrowing

25

Vasectomy

Removal of all or a segment of the vas deferens for male sterilization

26

prostrate -specific antigen (PSA)

Blood test used to detect prostatic disorders, especially prostate cancer,also called tumor marker test

27

Semen analysis

Test that analyzes a semen sample for volume, sperm count, motility, and morphology to evaluate fertility or verify sterilization after vasectomy

28

prostrate

US using an ultrasound probe inserted through the rectum to evaluate the prostrate called transrectal ultrasound

29

Scrotal

US used to assess the contents of the scrotum, including the testicles, epididymis, and vas deferens; called testicular ultrasound

30

Androgen

Increase testosterone levels
Correct hormone deficiency in hypogonadism and treat delayed puberty in males